The Technical Heritage of Date Palm Leaves Utilization in Traditional Handicrafts and Architecture in Egypt & the Middle East
E.A. Darwish, Y. Mansour, H. Elmously, A. Abdelrahmandownload PDF
Abstract. Date Palm Trees enjoy a recognized stature in Egypt since the ancient times. The abundance of Date Palm Trees and their distribution over the Nile valley, Delta, Oases and Sinai in Egypt granted them familiarity with the people that remains until the present. This familiarity is represented in the survival of various traditional techniques in the utilization of Date Palm Trees pruning residues in the fields of handicrafts and construction in rural Egypt. On the top of those pruning residues are the leaves, which rank the highest in the annual quantities. Date Palm Leaves are still widely used in traditional handicrafts and building in the poor rural areas in Egypt due their renewable availability and low cost. This paper aims to analyze the technical heritage behind those traditional utilization fields in order to identify the dominant techniques used. Those techniques, including Bundling, Rope Fastening and friction based assembly, can be introduced as the basis on which the development of those techniques for modern and contemporary uses of date palm leaves should be based in order make use of the surviving skills to sustain the familiarity needed to guarantee the success of the developed uses.
date palm leaves, technical heritage, architecture, handicrafts
Published online 4/20/2019, 8 pages
Copyright © 2019 by the author(s)
Published under license by Materials Research Forum LLC., Millersville PA, USA
Citation: E.A. Darwish, Y. Mansour, H. Elmously, A. Abdelrahman, The Technical Heritage of Date Palm Leaves Utilization in Traditional Handicrafts and Architecture in Egypt & the Middle East, Materials Research Proceedings, Vol. 11, pp 325-332, 2019
The article was published as article 28 of the book By-Products of Palm Trees and Their Applications
Content from this work may be used under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 licence. Any further distribution of this work must maintain attribution to the author(s) and the title of the work, journal citation and DOI.
 S.A. Bekheet, S.F. El-Sharabasy, Date Palm Status and Perspective in Egypt, in Date Palm Genetic Resources and Utilization: Volume 1: Africa and the Americas, ed. by J.M. et al. Al-Khayri ([n.p]: Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht, 1 (2015) 113. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-017-9694-1_3
 Hassan Hosseinkhani, Markus Euring and Alireza Kharazipour, Utilization of Date palm (Phoenix dactylifera L.) Pruning Residues as Raw Material for MDF Manufacturing, Journal of Materials Science Research, 4 (2015) 46-62. https://doi.org/10.5539/jmsr.v4n1p46
 Menha El-Batraoui, The Traditional Crafts of Egypt (Cairo: The American University in Cairo Press), 2016.
 R.M. Ahmed, Lessons Learnt from the Vernacular Architecture of Bedouins in Siwa Oasis, Egypt, in The 31st International Symposium on Automation and Robotics in Construction and Mining (London, UK: ISARC), 2014. https://doi.org/10.22260/isarc2014/0123
 Omar A. Azzam, The Development of Urban and Rural Housing in Egypt (PhD Thesis, The Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Faculty of Technical Science), 1960.
 Joseph Kennedy, Building Without Borders: Sustainable Construction for the Global Village (Ontario, Canada: New Society Publishers, 2004).
 Sandra Piesik, Arish: Palm-Leaf Architecture, 2nd edn (London, UK: Thames & Hudson, 2012).
 W. H. Barreveld, ‘FAO AGRICULTURAL SERVICES BULLETIN No. 101: DATE PALM PRODUCTS ‘, in Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
 Ayah Eldeeb, ‘Recycling Agricultural Waste as a Part of Interior Design and Architectural History in Egypt’, in Cities’ Identity Through Architecture and Arts (Helwan: IEREK, 2017), I.