Textile Palm Fibers from Amazon Biome

Textile Palm Fibers from Amazon Biome

Lais Gonçalvez Andrade Pennas, Ivete Maria Cattani, Barbara Leonardi, Abdel-Fattah M. Seyam, Mohamad Midani, Amanda Sousa Monteiro, Julia Baruque-Ramos

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Abstract. There are several species of Amazon palm trees from which can be obtained: food and oils (fruits and seeds), medicinal products, construction material (logs and leaves), handicraft, textiles, etc. Taking in account textile fibers, three palm origins stand out: tucum (Astrocaryum chambira Burret), buriti (Mauritia flexuosa Mart.) and tururi (Manicaria saccifera Gaertn.). Tucum fibers, obtained from grown leaves, are used in the manufacture of fabrics, handicrafts, nets, yarns and fishing nets. Buriti presents multiple uses, especially for handicraft products. A soft fiber (“linen”) and another harder and rougher (“draff”) are removed from the young leaves of the buriti palm, both being used. Tururi is the sac that wraps the fruits of the Ubuçu palm tree. The material is constantly used by the Amazonian riverside population and by artisans for handicrafts, fashion items and other products for tourism. In a joint project of the North Carolina State University (USA) and University of São Paulo (Brazil), multilayer composite materials were developed and characterized in 3D structure with quite promising results in terms of resistance and aesthetic finish similar to wood. Thus, the traditional and innovative uses of native vegetable fibers are ways of valuing the regional product and preserving their respective ecosystems.

textile, palm fibers, Amazonia, Brazil, tucum, buriti, tururi, composite

Published online 4/20/2019, 13 pages
Copyright © 2019 by the author(s)
Published under license by Materials Research Forum LLC., Millersville PA, USA

Citation: Lais Gonçalvez Andrade Pennas, Ivete Maria Cattani, Barbara Leonardi, Abdel-Fattah M. Seyam, Mohamad Midani, Amanda Sousa Monteiro, Julia Baruque-Ramos, Textile Palm Fibers from Amazon Biome, Materials Research Proceedings, Vol. 11, pp 262-274, 2019

DOI: https://doi.org/10.21741/9781644900178-22

The article was published as article 22 of the book By-Products of Palm Trees and Their Applications

Content from this work may be used under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 licence. Any further distribution of this work must maintain attribution to the author(s) and the title of the work, journal citation and DOI.

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