Novel Ceramic Materials


edited by Dr. R. Saravanan

The book presents a number of novel ceramic materials that have great potential for advanced technological applications, such as microwave devices, communication instruments and memory devices.


Novel Ceramic Materials
edited by Dr. R. Saravanan
Materials Research Foundations Volume 2 (2016)
Print ISBN 978-1-945291-02-9
ePDF ISBN 978-1-945291-03-6

The book presents a number of novel ceramic materials that have great potential for advanced technological applications, such as microwave devices, communication instruments and memory devices.

The materials covered include piezoelectric ceramics, zirconia ceramics, doped NiO ceramic nanostructures, BST ceramics (Barium-Strontium-Titanates), manganite ceramics, Ce-doped LaMnO3 and Sb-doped NKN (Sodium-Potassium-Niobates), as well as materials with ferrite structures, and with multi-ferroic structures

The materials were characterized experimentally by means of XRD (X-ray diffraction), SEM (Scanning electron microscopy), EDX (Energy Dispersive X-ray analysis), UV-Visible Spectroscopy, and VSM (Vibrating sample magnetometer). The results are discussed in terms of the structural characteristics of the various crystal structures, their special surface morphology, and their optical and magnetic properties.

Of particular interest is the determination of the electron density distribution (on the basis of XRD data and computerized evaluations). These data elucidate the atomic/electronic structure of the materials and make us understand the specific characteristics of these novel ceramics.

Materials Science, Structural Characteristics, Piezoelectric Ceramics, Zirconia Ceramics, Doped NiO Ceramic Nanostructures, Novel Ceramics, BST Ceramics (Barium-Strontium-Titanates), Manganite Ceramics, Ce-doped LaMnO3 and Sb-doped NKN (Sodium-Potassium-Niobates), Ferrite Structures Materials, Multi-Ferroic Structures Materials, XRD (X-ray diffraction), SEM (Scanning electron microscopy), EDX (Energy Dispersive X-ray analysis), UVVisible Spectroscopy, and VSM (Vibrating Sample Magnetometer), Rietveld Analysis, Surface Morphology, Optical Properties, Magnetic Properties, Electron Density Distribution, Novel Ceramic Materials

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Individual Chapters for Sale
Chapter 1        Chemical Bonding and Charge Density Imaging in Ba0.2Sr0.8TiO3 Ceramics by Iterative Entropy Maximization
Chapter 2        Synthesis, Characterization and Charge Density Analysis of Lead Free Piezoceramics Na1-xKxNbO3
Chapter 3        Inter Bond Experimental Electron Density in Magnesium Ferrite Ceramic (MgFe2O4) Through XRD
Chapter 4        Effects of Cations Substitution on Structural and Magnetic Properties of LaCrO3 Ceramic Perovskites
Chapter 5        Ferroelectric Charge Ordering in BaTi0.9Zr0.1O3 Lead-Free Ceramics through Powder X-Ray Diffraction
Chapter 6        Electronic Bonding Analysis on Dilute Doping of Iron in Nickel Oxide Nano Crystals
Chapter 7        Synthesis and Characterization of Al2TiO5-TiO2-Al2O3 Ceramics: Correlation with Charge Density
Chapter 8        Electronic Charge Density Distributions in Sb2O3
Chapter 9        Charge Density of Al Doped Lanthanum Orthoferrites
Chapter 10      Charge Density Distribution and Bonding in Calcite
Chapter 11      Synthesis and Characterization of NiFe2O4 Nano Particles Prepared by the Chemical Reaction Method
Chapter 12      Structural and Optical Properties of Li Doped Zirconia Nanoparticles
Chapter 13      Synthesis, Structure and Magnetic Behavior of Ce-Doped Lanthanum Manganite Ceramics
Chapter 14      Synthesis and Charge Density Analysis of BaTiO3
Chapter 15      Synthesis and Structural Characterizations of Na1-xKxNb0.95Sb0.05O3

ProtoView by Ringgold Clean Data
Physicists experimentally determine properties of some novel ceramic materials being developed for such applications as microwave devices, communication equipment, and memory devices. Their topics include chemical bonding and charge density imaging in Bao.2Sr0.8TiO3 ceramics by iterative entropy maximization, electronic bonding analysis on the dilute doping of iron in nickel oxide nanocrystals, the charge density of aluminum-doped lanthanum orthoferrites, structural and optical properties of lithium-doped zirconia nanoparticles, and synthesis and charge density analysis of BaTiO3. Annotation ©2017 Ringgold Inc. Portland, OR (
Ringgold Keywords
Ceramic materials, Novel ceramics, Analyzing properties, Electronics, Physics

About the Editor

Dr Ramachandran Saravanan, has been associated with the Department of Physics, The Madura College, affiliated with the Madurai Kamaraj University, Madurai, Tamil Nadu, India from the year 2000. He is the head of the Research Centre and PG department of Physics. He worked as a research associate during 1998 at the Institute of Materials Research, Tohoku University, Sendai, Japan and then as a visiting researcher at Centre for Interdisciplinary Research, Tohoku University, Sendai, Japan up to 2000.

Earlier, he was awarded the Senior Research Fellowship by CSIR, New Delhi, India, during Mar. 1991 – Feb.1993; awarded Research Associateship by CSIR, New Delhi, during 1994 – 1997. Then, he was awarded a Research Associateship again by CSIR, New Delhi, during 1997- 1998. Later he was awarded the Matsumae International Foundation Fellowship in1998 (Japan) for doing research at a Japanese Research Institute (not availed by him due to the simultaneous occurrence of other Japanese employment).

He has guided six Ph.D. scholars as of 2016, and about ten researchers are working under his guidance on various research topics in materials science, crystallography and condensed matter physics. He has published around 100 research articles in reputed Journals, mostly International, apart from around 45 presentations in conferences, seminars and symposia. He has also guided around 50 M.Phil. scholars and an equal number of PG students for their projects. He has attracted government funding in India, in the form of Research Projects. He has completed two CSIR (Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, Govt. of India), one UGC (University Grants Commission, India) and one DRDO (Defense Research and Development Organization, India) research projects successfully and is proposing various projects to Government funding agencies like CSIR, UGC and DST.

He has written 3 books in the form of research monographs with details as follows; “Experimental Charge Density – Semiconductors, oxides and fluorides” (ISBN-13: 978-3-8383-8816-8; ISBN-10:3-8383-8816-X), “Experimental Charge Density – Dilute Magnetic Semiconducting (DMS) materials” (ISBN-13: 978-3-8383-9666-8; ISBN-10: 3-8383-9666-9) and “Metal and Alloy Bonding – An Experimental Analysis” (ISBN -13: 978-1-4471-2203-6). He has committed to write several books in the near future.

His expertise includes various experimental activities in crystal growth, materials science, crystallographic, condensed matter physics techniques and tools as in slow evaporation, gel, high temperature melt growth, Bridgman methods, CZ Growth, high vacuum sealing etc. He and his group are familiar with various equipment such as: different types of cameras; Laue, oscillation, powder, precession cameras; Manual 4-circle X-ray diffractometer, Rigaku 4-circle automatic single crystal diffractometer, AFC-5R and AFC-7R automatic single crystal diffractometers, CAD-4 automatic single crystal diffractometer, crystal pulling instruments, and other crystallographic, material science related instruments. He and his group have sound computational capabilities on different types of computers such as: IBM – PC, Cyber180/830A – Mainframe, SX-4 Supercomputing system – Mainframe. He is familiar with various kind of software related to crystallography and materials science. He has written many computer software programs himself as well. Around twenty of his programs (both DOS and GUI versions) have been included in the SINCRIS software database of the International Union of Crystallography.