Mark Bernick founded Angstrom Sciences, Inc. in 1988 to supply advanced magnetrons and refined materials for plasma vapor deposition of high quality thin films. With a strong focus on research and development, the company soon patented several technical advancements in magnetics, water-cooling, and circular magnetron target clamping designs.
Magnetron sputtering technology has been utilized in production applications for several decades. The basic technology used to control process plasma within the deposition process is well established within the field; however the capabilities available to optimize process efficiencies, such as thin film uniformity, target utilization, and deposition rate, are continuously evolving.
Angstrom Sciences is focused upon the development of magnetron sputtering cathodes that optimize sputter process performance. The Angstrom Advantage is the collective set of technical and structural advancements Angstrom Sciences has designed into its magnetrons in order to provide its clients with the most control over their thin film deposition process
Angstrom Sciences strives for all our customers to have complete satisfaction with our products. We offer a 2-year warranty against defects in workmanship and materials on all our magnetrons, which is the longest in the industry. We offer unlimited post-sale support to all our customers. With over 25 years of experience in the industry, we have a wealth of knowledge not only on magnetrons, but the processes they are used in. We feel it is important to share this knowledge with our customers, so that they are successful. We feel that our continued success is driven by that of our customers
We use only the highest qualtity materials, design and manufacturing techniques in order to provide the best possible product. Our in-house manufacturing capabilities along with a full-scale R&D and test lab give us the ability to fully control design development, manufacturing, and pre-shipment testing for on-time deliveries.
Reactive Gas Control
PVD Coating R&D
Applied Physics Systems is a leading manufacturer of sensors and systems used in oil field, industrial and scientific applications. Our primary products are directional sensors, magnetometers and downhole drilling sensors and electronics. We design and engineer all of the products we supply.
In addition to our standard products, we conduct contract research for other organizations in our fields of expertise. We can design and build modified versions of our instruments as well as completely new instruments to solve your needs for magnetic field measurement, orientation sensors, steering tools, and clip-on milliammeters.
Applied Physics Systems was founded in 1976 by Bill Goodman and for over thirty five years has developed expertise in the design and manufacture of magnetometer sensors. In the last fifteen years, we have developed and expanded our products for drilling systems, electrical, mechanical, and computer software systems.
Applied Physics Systems is a leader in the manufacture of magnetic field measuring equipment, including Fluxgate Magnetometers, DC SQUID Magnetometers and Clip-on Milliammeters. We also manufacture a broad line of Angular Orientation measuring sensors including Steering Sensors for Directional Drilling applications and miniaturized sensors for general purpose use.
Applied Physics Systems is also a world leader in the design and production of Rock Magnetometer systems and accessories. These systems are produced in partnership with William S. Goree, Inc. and are sold under the 2G Enterprises name. 2G has its own web site with complete information on the instruments offered: http://www.2GEnterprises.com.
AXIC, Inc. was founded in 1980 as a company to develop surface science equipment for the semiconductor, electronics, and general scientific community. Initial developments focused on x-ray and electron beam analysis of surfaces for compositional and film thickness analysis. These developments lead to the introduction of a stand alone x-ray fluorescence unit which was easily operated by fab personnel for the measurement of film composition and thickness. AXIC, Inc. now produces 3 XRF systems for coatings analysis in both development and production applications for the semiconductor, magnetic, and superconductor industries.
In 1992, AXIC entered the market of producing laser based reflectometers for the measurement of film thickness, index of refraction, and film absorption properties of transparent/translucent films for the semiconductor, optical and magnetics industries.
Shortly after, AXIC commenced the manufacture of plasma tools for cleaning, photoresist stripping, reactive ion etch (RIE), and plasma enhanced chemical vapor deposition (PECVD). Today these offerings include the MultiMode HF8, PlasmaStar, and BenchMark 800-II. Units are ideally suited for research and development and small scale productions. The plasma tools can be configured in various ways to meet the end users’ specific requirements.
For over 25 years, COSA Instrument has focused on bringing state-of-the-art measurement solutions to the North American market from leading instrument companies around the globe. The pioneering approach of supporting its partners with full application engineering and service has allowed COSA Instrument to successfully introduce new technologies to solve customer measurement needs. Now combined with the advanced sensor technologies of Xentaur Corporation, the new entity COSA Xentaur is supplying innovative measurement solutions to customers worldwide.
Specialty Gas Analysis
Wobbe Index Calorimeter / BTU
Nuclear Magnetic Resonance
ElektroPhysik is one of the leading manufacturers of measuring instruments used for advancing surface technology, research and quality control. Being a pioneer in the field of non-destructive coating thickness measurement, ElektroPhysik, in cooperation with national and international standardizing institutes and universities has successfully advanced new product developments along with international standardization of the coating thickness measurement.
ElektroPhysik privately held company owned and managed by the Steingroever family. It is headquarters are in Köln Germany near the famous Rein River. ElektroPhysik still occupies the original building though it has gone through many expansions over the years to facilitate growth.
ElektroPhysik maintains branch offices including the U.S.A. and is represented by distributors and agents globally in almost every country in the world. It is this network and partnerships that enable ElektroPhysik to service its customers and provide the support required in today’s competitive global marketplace.
The first coating thickness testing gauge was developed by Dr. Steingroever. Utilizing the Magnetic Attraction principle, it was called the MikroTest (still manufactured today and even available in digital display format, it probably remains the most utilized coating thickness testing device utilized, even today) . Magnetic Attraction is a very reliable technique for measuring coatings however its only drawback is that it only works with coatings applied over ferrous materials such as steel and iron.
However, the Magnetic Attraction principle paved the way for the development of analog devices. First using Eddy Current and then later Magnetic Induction, these devices expanded coating thickness testing beyond just corrosion control.
Today all three of these principles are used to non-destructively measure a variety of coatings. Magnetic Attraction is the measuring principle used in the MikroTest, PenTest and MiniPen by ElektroPhysik.
Magnetic Induction is the measuring principle of choice for ferrous metal substrate application while the Eddy Current principle is the measuring principle of choice for non-ferrous metal substrate applications.
Both of these measuring principles are found in the MiniTest family of gauges as well as the eXacto by ElektroPhysik.
More recently ElektroPhysik developed yet another measuring principle primarily for non-metal substrate applications such plastic and wood. The QuintSonic utilizes a high level ultrasound approach which has enabled measurements to be conducted on these types of substrates non-destructively.
On April 20, 2007 ElektroPhysik launched a new model, the MiniTest 700 Series with SIDSP® digital sensor technology.
SIDSP® is an ElektroPhysik exclusive which took years of research and development. SIDSP® stands for Sensor Integrated Digital Signal Processing and the way that works is that entire coating thickness measurement is processed in the sensor at the point of measurement. SIDSP® is unlike previous conventional techniques where an analog signal was generated at the sensor and then that signal would be sent to a host gauge to processing. The vulnerability with that technique was that it was susceptible to environmental influences such as strong electro-magnetic fields and other signal disturbances that could affect the analog signal and therefore the reading.
Hyper Tech is the world leader in manufacturing and R&D of magnesium diboride and niobium tin superconducting wire and integrated products. Hyper Tech’s innovative, patented wire drawing process enabled the company to be the first to manufacture viable long-length MgB2 wire. Hyper Tech has consistently integrated this technology into transforming products benefiting from superconducting materials. Superconductors carry high current with near zero ohmic loss. In coil form, such as in an electromagnet, a charged and closed loop can carry current, and hence magnetic field, for long periods of time (of the order of months to years depending on the detail design). This makes a superconductor ideal for high field magnets. It is commonly used in MRI and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) systems throughout the world. Hyper Tech is well equipped to produce two wire formed superconductors: MgB2 and Nb3Sn.
Science applications include particle bending magnets, high energy physics (HEP), and magnetic confinement fusion energy.
Mad City Labs, Inc nanopositioning systems, micropositioning systems, instrument solutions, and piezoactuators are used for a variety of applications. Follow the links below to learn more about how Mad City Labs systems are used in each application area.
Scanning Probe Microscopy
MicroSense, LLC, previously known as ADE Technologies, is comprised of three primary businesses precision capacitive sensors, vibrating sample magnetometers and magneto-optical Kerr effect (MOKE) tools for state-of-the-art magnetic measurement and wafer measurment systems. Until the company was sold in November, 2009, we were a subsidiary of KLA-Tencor Corporation, a leading global supplier of semiconductor wafer defect inspection and metrology tools. MicroSense serves a host of industries including semiconductor equipment, data storage, machine tool, solar, automotive and high brightness LED.
MicroSense provides capacitive sensors and OEM metrology modules, based on patented capacitive sensing technology, to make very precise, high bandwidth measurements of precision products such as solar wafers, sapphire wafers, hard disk drive motors, air bearing spindles, precision X-Y stages, optical disks, automotive parts and machine tools. Our capacitive displacement sensors provide the highest resolution in the industry, less than 0.05 nanometers, exceptional stability and virtually unlimited service life.
MicroSense offers high-sensitivity wafer measurement tools for characterizing sapphire, silicon carbide and various types of semiconductor wafers. MicroSense acquired SigmaTech, Inc. of Tempe, Arizona in June, 2012. With this acquisition, MicroSense added leading-edge wafer inspection tools to its portfolio of innovative metrology solutions. SigmaTech systems integrate multiple sensing technologies such as optical spectrometry, interferometry and SigmaTech’s patented auto-positioning back pressure (APBP) technology.
Solar Wafer Thickness Metrology
Vibrating Sample Magnetometer VSM
Dimensional Wafer Metrology Systems
Oxford Instruments aims to pursue responsible development and deeper understanding of the world through Science & Technology.
As one of the first commercial spin-out companies from Oxford University, this vision has been at the heart of our business for over 50 years. We use innovation to turn smart science into world-class products that support research and industry to address the great challenges of the 21st Century.
Atomic Force Microscopy
Coating Thickness Measurement
CT & MRI Systems
Plasma, ALD and Ion Beam
Superconducting Magnets and Wire
X-Ray Tubes and Integrated Sources
Since its inception in 1982, Quantum Design International (a privately held corporation) has developed and manufactured automated temperature and magnetic field testing platforms for materials characterization. These systems offer a variety of measurement capabilities and are in widespread use in the fields of physics, chemistry, biotechnology, materials science and nanotechnology.
Building on its expertise in the global marketing and distribution of its own scientific instruments, Quantum Design International (QDI) eventually broadened its scope to distribute quality scientific instruments from other manufacturers through an international network of wholly owned subsidiaries in every major technological center around the world.
With offices in the USA, Japan, China, India, Korea, Taiwan and Brazil, as well as thirteen European countries, QDI is strategically located in the world’s key centers for scientific research, providing local marketing, sales and technical support. More information on QDI’s worldwide distribution business may be found at www.QD-International.com.
Quantum Design Inc. (QD) is the manufacturing arm of QDI. Located in San Diego, California, QD is the leading commercial source for automated materials characterization systems incorporating superconducting technology. QD instruments may be found in the world’s leading research institutions, and have become the reference standard for a variety of magnetic and physical property measurements. Quantum Design Inc. instruments are cited in, and provide the data for, more scientific publications than any other instrument in the fields of magnetics and materials characterization. This means that each year, literally hundreds of scientific publications, advancing the science of materials, use data generated from QD instruments.
Recently, Quantum Design Inc. expanded its product line beyond material characterization, to include instruments such as: a compact IR Crystal Furnace for the creation of new material; a Superconducting High-Gradient Magnetic Separator (SHGMS) for the processing and improvement of Kaolin clay; and a full line of Advanced Technology Liquefiers (ATL) and Helium Recovery Systems for the conservation and recycling of helium (a vital and increasingly scarce resource essential for cryogenic research and instrumentation).
In diverse areas such as materials characterization, high-sensitivity electrical measurements, and in-lab helium conservation, Quantum Design’s team of scientists and engineers provides a full spectrum of service and application support for customers both domestically and internationally.