Innovations in Army Energy and Power Materials Technologies

This compendium reports fundamental science and engineering advances of the US Army Research Labratory (ARL) within the area of Energy and Power technologies.

Innovations in Army Energy and Power Materials Technologies
Eds. Edward C. Shaffer, Tsvetanka S. Zheleva
Materials Research Foundations Volume 36
Publication Date 2018, 728 Pages
Print ISBN  9781945291784 (release date September 20th, 2018)
ePDF ISBN 9781945291791
DOI: 10.21741/9781945291791

This compendium reports fundamental science and engineering advances of the US Army Research Labratory (ARL) within the area of Energy and Power technologies. ARL’s materials research addresses the requirements of all Army platforms, with emphasis on Photonics, Electronics, Biological and Bio-inspired Materials, Structural Materials, High Strain and Ballistic Materials, and Manufacturing Science. Special focus is given on electrochemical energy storage (batteries and capacitors) and electrochemical energy conversion (fuel cells, photoelectrochemistry, and photochemistry):
• Electromechanical Conversion: Power density, efficiency, and robustness of motors, generators, and actuators while also reducing their life cycle costs.
• Energy Storage: Electrical and electrochemical energy storage devices to decrease device size, weight, and cost as well as increase their capabilities in extreme temperatures and operating conditions.
• Power Control and Distribution: Tactical, deployable power systems using conventional fuels, alternative fuels, and energy harvested from renewable/ambient sources.
• Power Generation/Energy Conversion: Smart energy networks for platforms, forward operating bases, and facilities using modeling and simulation tools as well as new, greater capability and efficiency components.
• Thermal Transport and Control: Heat and higher power density systems, advanced components, system modeling, and adaptive or hybrid-cycle technologies.

Keywords
Biomaterials, Structural Materials, High Strain Materials, Ballistic Materials, Manufacturing Science, Electrochemical Energy Storage, Batteries, Capacitors, Electrochemical Energy Conversion, Fuel Cells, Photoelectrochemistry, Photochemistry, High Voltage Electrolytes, Li-ion Batteries, Li-ion Chemistry, Lithium–Sulphur Batteries, Nuclear Metastables, Pyroelectric Energy Conversion, Charged Quantum Dots, High-Efficiency Photovoltaics, IR Sensing, GaN Power Schottky Diodes, Threshold-Voltage Instability, Reliability Testing, SiC MOSFETs, Power Electronics Packaging, High Voltage 4H-SiC GTOs, Silicon Carbide, Avalanche Breakdown Diode, SiC PiN Diodes, Thyristor Protection, Compact DC-DC Battery Chargers

About the Editors

Dr. Edward C. Shaffer received the B.S. degree from the US Military Academy; the M.S. and E.E. degrees from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology; and the Ph.D. in Electrical Engineering from Auburn University. He served in a variety of technical and leadership positions as a US Army officer, including tours in Germany, Korea and the United Kingdom, and as an Associate Professor in the Department of Electrical Engineering & Computer Science at the US Military Academy. Dr. Shaffer was also a Senior Design Engineer with Solectria Corporation in Woburn, MA. As Chief of the Energy & Power Division at ARL, he supervises scientists and engineers developing materials, devices and components for high energy batteries, compact power sources, alternative energy solutions, power electronics, energy networks, and related technologies.  He has also served in a number of senior leadership details within ARL, including Acting Deputy Director and Director of the Sensors and Electron Devices Directorate; Acting Chief of the Electronics & RF Division, and Acting Director of the Vehicle Technology Directorate.  Dr. Shaffer is the senior Army representative for the DoD Energy & Power Community of Interest; he is also Past Chair of the both the Steering Committee and Electrical Systems Working Group for the Interagency Advanced Power Group (IAPG). His military awards include the Legion of Merit; he is a Senior Member of IEEE and is a licensed Professional Engineer.

Dr. Tsvetanka S. Zheleva received her B.S. and M.S degree in Physics from Sofia University, Bulgaria and her Ph.D. in Materials Science and Engineering from North Carolina State University. She joined ARL with The National Research Council/National Academy of Sciences and The American Association for Engineering Education fellowships. Also, during her fellowship at ARL she was Adjunct Associate Professor at North Carolina State University. Dr. Zheleva’s expertise is in the field of condensed matter physics and in particular thin film physics, including electronic materials characterization and synthesis for electronic and optoelectronic devices. This includes: structural characterization by transmission electron microscopy and x-ray diffraction of new materials and interfaces, thin films, and bulk materials; dislocation mechanisms, modeling of epitaxial growth, design of new modes of epitaxy; image processing and simulation, atomistic modeling; other characterization techniques. As Associate Chief of the Energy & Power Division at ARL, she oversees numerous Science and Technology programs in Power and Energy relevant technologies. Dr. Zheleva has published her work in over 150 peer review journals and has 28 US and foreign patentsin the area of wide bandgap semiconductor device structures. Dr. Zheleva has numerous awards from US professional societies and the Department of the Army Commanding General Commander’s Award for Civilian Service.