Round Robin Study on Residual Stresses Using X-Ray Diffraction for Shot-Peened Tool Steel Specimens
J. Holmberg, M. Palosaari, S. Hosseini, H. Larjosuo, P. Anderssondownload PDF
Abstract. Residual stress measurements using x-ray diffraction is a well established method used within the industrial and academic community to verify the performance of different processes for metallic materials. The measurement gives an absolute value of the stress state which can be used to design and optimize the process route to induce beneficial compressive residual stresses and avoid detrimental tensile stresses. Investigating the uncertainty and accuracy of the measurement system, operator and the material is therefore of high relevance both from an industrial and scientific point of view. Round robin testing is an important way to quantify the uncertainties that could affect the quality of the measured results and hence how a process is optimized and tuned. Such an investigation allows the operator to understand and reduce variations. Current round robin test includes results from five different laboratories using comparable equipments located in Sweden, Finland, Germany and United States. This work focuses on five shot-peened tool steel specimens produced with identical process settings. Additionally, an investigation of the repeatability of the system, influence of the operator, variations within the specimen, and the long time stability of the specimens has been measured.
X-Ray Diffraction, Residual Stress, Round Robin, Measurement System Analysis
Published online 9/11/2018, 6 pages
Copyright © 2018 by the author(s)
Published under license by Materials Research Forum LLC., Millersville PA, USA
Citation: J. Holmberg, M. Palosaari, S. Hosseini, H. Larjosuo, P. Andersson, ‘Round Robin Study on Residual Stresses Using X-Ray Diffraction for Shot-Peened Tool Steel Specimens’, Materials Research Proceedings, Vol. 6, pp 51-56, 2018
The article was published as article 9 of the book Residual Stresses 2018
Content from this work may be used under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 licence. Any further distribution of this work must maintain attribution to the author(s) and the title of the work, journal citation and DOI.
 Y Matsumoto, F Hashimoto, G Lahoti, Surface Integrity Generated by Precision Hard Turning. CIRP Annals – Manufacturing Technology 48 (1999) 59–62. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0007-8506(07)63131-X
 H Kristoffersen, P Vomacka, Influence of process parameters for induction hardening on residual stresses. Materials & Design 22 (2001) 637–644. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0261-3069(01)00033-4
 S Wang, Y Li, M Yao, R Wang, Compressive residual stress introduced by shot peening. Journal of Materials Processing Technology 73 (1998) 64–73. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0924-0136(97)00213-6
 S B Hosseini, B Karlsson, T Vuoristo, K Dalaei, Determination of Stresses and Retained Austenite in Carbon Steels by X-rays – A Round Robin Study. Exp. Mech. 51 (2011) 59–69. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11340-010-9338-2
 F Lefebvre, E Wasniewski, M François, External Reference Samples for Residual Stress Analysis by X-Ray Diffraction. Advanced Materials Research 996 (2014) 221–227.
 M François, F Convert, S Branchu, French round-robin test of X-ray stress determination on a shot-peened steel. Experimental Mechanics 40 (2000) 361–368. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02326481
 J Gibmeier, J Lu, B Scholtes, Round Robin Test on the determination of residual stress depth distribution by X-ray diffrsction, Mat. Sci. Forum 404-407, 2002, pp. 659-664. https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/MSF.404-407.659
 M E Fitzpatrick, A Fry, P Holdway, Determination of residual stresses by X-ray diffraction. Measurement Good Practice Guide No 52 (2005).
 European Committee for Standardization, Non-destructive Testing – Test Method for Residual Stress analysis by X-ray Diffraction, EN-SS 15305:2009.