Non-Conventional Materials and Technologies
NOCMAT for the XXI Century
Eds. Khosrow Ghavami, Pedro Jesús Herrera Franco
Materials Research Proceedings Vol. 7
Publication Date 2018, 820 pages
Print ISBN 978-1-945291-82-1 (release date November 25th, 2018)
ePDF ISBN 978-1-945291-83-8
DOI: 10.21741/9781945291838

The book presents new research in the area of biobased “green composites”. Biobased materials involve renewable agricultural and forestry feedstocks, including wood, agricultural waste, grasses and natural plant fibers. These lignocellulosic materials are composed mainly of carbohydrates such as sugar and lignin, cellulose, vegetable oils and proteins. Much research is concerned with renewable materials such as bamboo, vegetable fibers, soil composites and recycled materials such as rice husk ash and sugar cane ash. The general aim here is to use renewable and non-polluting materials in ways that offer a high degree of sustainability and preserve the remaining natural resources for future generations.

Keywords
Biobased Materials, Renewable Materials, Non-polluting Materials, Sustainability, Wood, Agricultural Waste, Grasses, Natural Plant Fibers, Lignocellulosic Materials, Carbohydrates, Sugars, Lignin, Cellulose, Vegetable Oils, Proteins, Bamboo, Vegetable Fibers, Soil Composites, Recycled Materials, Rice Husk Ash, Sugar Cane Ash, Fiber-reinforced Concrete, Post-disaster Reconstruction, Guadua Fibers, Prefabricated Bamboo Guadua Panels, Multi-Level Bamboo Structures, Alkaline Activated Cements, Polymer Residues Reinforced with Glass Fiber, Composites Reinforced with Vegetal Fibers, Sisal Fibers, Bamboo Arch Structure, Adobe Reinforced with Wheat Fibers, Fiber Reinforced Microconcrete, Cements with High Coal Waste Contents, Natural Composites, Geopolymer Concretes

Table of Contents (click on any title to see the full abstract and References)


Mechanical Characterization of Foamed Concrete Reinforced with Natural Fibre
E.A. Flores-Johnson, Y.Z. Yan, J.G. Carrillo, P.I. González-Chi, P.J. Herrera-Franco, Q.M. Li


Reinterpretation of Vernacular Constructive Process with the use of Soil-Cement- Sisal Fiber Mortar and a Bamboo Framework
K.S.G. Souza, A.B.C. Rocha, Adriana P.S. Martins, R.D.T. Filho


Bamboo-Piles Analysis for Slope Stability
A.M.J. Davila, K. Ghavamia, C. Romanel


Speeding up Post-Disaster Reconstruction: Material Choice or Roof Design?
G. Celentano, E.Z. Escamilla, V. Göswein, V. Hischier, G. Habert


A Bamboo Beam-Colum Connection Capable to Transmit Moment
R. Moran, J. Muñoz, H.F. Silva, J.J. García


Concretes Prepared with High-Density Limestone: Influence on the Transition Zone
E. da Cruz Teixeira, C.M. Medeiros, E.R. da Silva Santos, U.T. Barbosa, N.P. Barbosa


Behaviour under Bending Loads of Workable Bamboo
V.M. Andreola, M.Y.R. Da Gloria, R.D.Toledo Filho


Deferred Deflexions with Time of Bamboo Guadua Angustifolia Kunth under Permanent Loads
S. Chavarro, C. Takeuchi


Analysis of the Mechanical Properties of Composite Boards with Natural Resin and Guadua Unidirectional Fibers
J.P. Patiño, M.L. Sánchez, W.A. Patiño


Nonconventional Curing for Fiber-Cement Material
V. dos Santosa, G.H. Tonolib, H. Savastano Jr


Stacked-MFC into a Typical Septic Tank used in Public Housing
J.A.D. Maldonado, G. Cámara-Chalé, R.M. Cervera, L. Alzate-Gaviria


Cement-Based Composites Reinforced with Nanofibrillated Cellulose from Bamboo Organossolv Pulp
V. da Costa Correia, H. Savastano Jr.


Study of Axial Compression Resistance of Cardboard Tubes to Elaboration an Innovative Structural System
G. de Cássia Salado, N.S. Dias


Low-Energy Walling for Low-Income Housing in East Africa
T. Thomas


Application of Small Diameter Bamboos in Architecture
S. Mouton, K. Allacker, K. Ghavami, H. Verschure


Structural behavior of Two-Floor Housing Made with Frames Braced with Prefabricated Bamboo Guadua Panels
C. Takeuchi, E. Ayala, C. Castillo


Bamboo Reinforced Concrete Beams for Precast Slab
T.L. Gonçalves, L.E. Moreira


Construction of a Sustainable Multi-Level Bamboo Structure
C. Korde, P. Das, R. West, S. Puttagunta


Evaluation Tools for R&D Projects Sponsored by the Brazilian National Network for Bamboo’s Research and Development – Redebambu/Br
P. Ohayon, K. Ghavami


Bibliometric Analysis of Scientific and Technical Papers within NOCMAT 1984-2015 International Conferences
P. Ohayon, R.A. Sharafi, K. Ghavami, C.P.M. Siqueira


Rural School in Santiago Del Estero- Argentina, Bioclimatic Conditioning and Evaluation of Thermal, Energy and Economic Efficiency
G. Giuliano, B. Garzón


Traditional and Alternative Masonry for the Acoustic Improvement of Architectural Spaces
L. Paterlini, B. Garzón


Use of Alkaline Activated Cements from Residues for Soil Stabilization
J. Cosa, L. Soriano, M.V. Borrachero, J. Payá, J. Monzó


Construction with Earth and Sustainability: Analysis in the Light of Public Housing Policies
M. Ortega, B. Garzón


Cumulative Impact Energy Absorption of Sandwich Panels with Foam Cores and Flax FRP Facings
D. Betts, P. Sadeghian, A. Fam


Green Sandwich Composites Fabricated from Flax FRP Facings and Corrugated Cardboard Cores
A. McCracken, P. Sadeghian


Physical-Mechanical Behavior of Metakaolin Based Geopolymer Systems Reinforced with Stainless Steel Fibers
L.R. Caballero, M.D.M. Paiva, E.M.R. Fairbairn, R.D.T. Filho


Confined Bamboo Guadua LaminatE – CBGL
A. Cruz, C. Takeuchi


A Short View on the Novel uses of Geopolymer Metakaolin based to Control Air and Water Pollution
A. Manzano-Ramírez, J. Ramón-Gasca, H.R. Guzman-Carrillo, J.L. Reyez-Araiza, M. Mondragon-Figueroa


Dry Etching Plasma Applied to Guadua Angustifolia Bamboo Fibers: Influence on their Mechanical Properties and Surface Appearance
P. Luna, J. Lizarazo-Marriaga, A. Mariño


Effect of Production Variables on the Properties of Cement Bonded Flake Board from Polyalthia longifolia (Sonn.)Thw. Wood
J.M. Owoyemi, I.O. Oyeleye


Flat Ring Flexure Test for Full-Culm Bamboo
J. Virgo, R. Moran, K. Harries, J.J. Garcia, S. Platt


A Bus Stop: Industrialized Construction in Glued Laminated Bamboo and Timber (Flex Material)
M.A. Patury, J.G. de Almeida, V.A.G. Zanoni


Addition Effect of Polymer Residues Reinforced with Glass Fiber in Adobe as to Thermal Comfort
R.M. Gandia, A.A.R. Corrêa, F.C. Gomes, Y.H. Kawano, S.V.G. Guffey, R.V. Neto


The Influence of Hot Water Washing Cycles on Tensile Properties of Curauá Fiber
B. Zukowski, F. de Andrade Silva, R.D.T. Filho


Influence of Water Hornification and Alkaline Treatment on the Stress-Strain Behaviour of Jute Fibers
Y.G. dos Santos Mendonça, B. Zukowsk, R.D.T. Filho


Self-Supporting Bamboo Space Structure with Flexible Joints
L.E. Moreira, M. Seixas, J. Bina, J.L.M. Ripper


Living Form Finding of a Bamboo Modular Shelter Covered by Textile Composite
S.M. Jung, L.E. Moreira, C.H. Ferreira


Bionanocomposite Bamboo: A Regioselective Impregnation with Silver Nanofillers for Antifungal Application
O. Pandoli, R.S. Martins, B.A. Barbosa, K.L.G. De Toni, S. Paciornik, Marcos H.P. Maurício, R.M.C. Lima, N.B. Padilha, S. Letichevsky, R.R. Avillez, K. Ghavami


Performance Analysis of Corrosion Inhibitors in Pore Solution and Reinforced Concrete for Carbon Steel CA 50
A.O. Domínguez, M.M. Mennucci b, D.C.C. Dal Molin


Evaluation of the Mechanical Behavior of Composites Reinforced with Vegetal Fibers
M.L. Sánchez, L.Y. Morales, J.D. Caicedo


Effect of Alkaline Hornification in Sisal Fibers on the Mechanical Behaviour
R.D. Santos, S.R. Ferreira, E.R.F. Santos, G.E. Oliveira, F.A. Silva, F.G. Souza, R.D. Toledo Filho


Synthesis and Characterization of Nano Magnetite for Application in Cementitious Materials for Civil Construction
L.C.M. Scapim, J.N. de Paula, L.P. Ferreira, P.R. de Almeida III, S.B. Borges


Load Deflection Behaviour of Rammed Earth-Filled Polyvinyl Chloride Columns
K.J. Dick, L. Midence


Small Diameter Bamboo Plane Truss with 3C Connections
C.A.C. Lana, L.E. Moreira


Influence of Fly Ash on the Fresh and Hardened Properties of a Cement-Based Grout for Mechanized Tunneling
A. Quiroga-Floresa, F. de Andrade Silva, R.D.T. Filho


Structural Behavior of an Innovative Bamboo Arch Structure
A.S. Mosallam, K. Ghavami, R. Shrivastava, M.A. Salama


Effect of the Residual Fine Elements and Contribution on Fresh Properties of Self-Levelling Mortars
H.D.S. Carvalho, M. Cheriaf, J.C. Rocha


Bamboo Leaves Ashes: A Mineral Addition for Building Construction
L. Rodier, E.V. Cociña, H. Savastano Jr.


Mechanical Properties of Adobe Reinforced with Wheat Fibers in Iran (Persia)
R. Nasiri, K. Ghavami, M. Kadivar, A. Maghami


Glued Laminated Bamboo and Timber Association: Laboratory Testing of Industrialized Products
G.F. de Oliveira, D.E. Teixeira, J.E. de Melo, V.A.G. Zanoni, J.G. de Almeida, S.A. de Oliveira Almeida


Production and Characterization of Bamboo/Wood-Made Shape to be used in Longboards
D.E. Teixeira, G. de Almeida Martins Azevêdo


Investigation of Self-Healing Phenomenon in High Performance Fiber Reinforced Microconcrete with Steel and Sisal Fibers
T.N. da C. Moreira, S.R. Ferreira, R.D.T. Filho


Binary Cements with High Coal Waste Contents: Properties and Behaviour Against CO2
M. Frías, L. García, L. Caneda-Martínez, M.I.S. de Rojas, R. García, R. Vigil, Í. Vegas, S. Martínez-Ramírez


The Behavior of Heat Treated Dendrocalamus Giganteus Bamboo Subjected to Water and Humidity
A. Azadeh, K. Ghavami


Mechanical Behavior of Natural Composites Subjected to Condensation Process
A.C. Bolaños, M.L. Sánchez, J.D. Caicedo


Electrochemical Differences on the Passivity State of Reinforced Concrete for Two Concrete Design Methods
J.A. Briceño-Mena, M. Balancán-Zapata, P. Castro-Borges


Durability Analysis of a Bamboo Community Center in Cambury, Brazil
S. Mouton, K. Allacker, K.Ghavami, H. Verschure


Mechanical Properties of Guadua Elements Subject to Variations in Moisture Content
M.L. Sánchez, L.Y. Morales, Y. Lara, Y. Díaz, C.D. Rincón


Shear Behavior of the Lamined Bamboo Guadua (LBG)
C. Takeuchi, D. Linero


Concrete with Recycled Aggregates: Physical Properties and External Sulfates Attack
E. da Cruz Teixeira, C. Macêdo Medeiros, M.A. Padilha Jr, N.P. Barbosa, J.A. Rossignolo


Applicability of Artemis Views Software in Public Works and Planning
L.M. Pedrosa Cruz, C.C. Ribeiro, D.O. Meireles, S.E.C. Ribeiro, T. Starling


Thin Steel Rings as a Feasible Alternative to Connect Bamboo Culms
J.J. García, C. Benítez, L. Villegas, R. Morán


Experimental Analysis of the Variation of Electrical Resistivity of Concrete after Fracture
F.V.O. da Cunha Médice, P.H.A. Martins


Evaluation of Pre-Early Age Strength of Super Fine Ggbs Mortars
K. Chaaruchandra, M. Cruickshank, R.P. West, J. Reddy


New Cellular Geopolymer Concretes (CGC) Based on Blast Furnace Slag and Spent FCC Catalyst
A. Font, J. Monzó, L. Soriano, M.V. Borrachero, J. Payá


Reusing Composite Materials from Decommissioned Wind Turbine Blades
L.C. Banka, F.R. Arias, T.R.l Gentry, T. Al-Haddadd, J.F. Chene, R. Morrow


An Evaluation of Electric Arc Furnaces Dust as a Replacement for Cement in Mortars
M. da Silva Magalhães, F. Faleschini, C. Pellegrino, Katya Brunelli


Study of Mix Proportion of Structural Concrete with Recycled Aggregate of CCW for Application in Precast Slabs
E.T. Ferreira, A.B. de Melo, V.M. Zanta, U.H.O. Pimentel


Preliminar Assessments for Decreasing Cement Content on Concretes Made with Recycled Aggregates
B.L. Damineli, J.M. Pablos


Biomass-Derived from Bamboo Leaf Ash: Pozzolanic Reactivity
M.J.B. Moraes, J.C.B. Moraes, L. Soriano, J. Payá, J.L.P. Melges, M.M. Tashima, J.L. Akasaki


Effect of RHA Addition on Bond Strength in Steel Fiber Reinforced Cement-Based Composites
R.C. de Souza, J.F.S. Bastos


Non-Conventional Materials in Civil Construction: A Case Study in Curvelo – Mg
M.C.R. Carvalho, A.C. Estevão, P.B. Fialho, L. Alves, L.E.C. Cordeiro, E.P. Cardoso, T.A. Figueiredo


Chemical Characterization for the Comparative Study of Peruvian Natural Fibers
C. Tenazoa, S. Charca, M. Quintana, E. Flores


Ichu: New Natural Fibers for Composites and its Extraction Methodology
S. Mori, E. Flores, S. Charca


The Effect of using Recycled Materials in Earth-Based Blocks
K.J. Dick, J. Pienuta, K. Arnold


Evaluation of EPS Beads Inclusion on Strength and Stiffness of Soil
M.V. Silveira, A.V. Calheiros, M.D.T. Casagrande


Evaluation of Sisal and Curauá Fibers Inclusions on Strength and Stiffness Response of Soil
M.V. Silveira, M.D.T. Casagrande


Experimental and Numerical Study of the Mechanical Behavior of a Commercial Polypropylene Woven Fabric
E. Agaliotis, C. Bernal, P.J. Herrera-Franco, E.A. Flores-Johnson


Mechanical Characterization of Plaster Reinforced with Recycled Cellulose Fiber from Multi-Layer Packaging Waste for Construction Applications
R.A. Gamboa, C.M. Moo-Chalé, E.A. Flores-Johnson, J.G. Carrillo