Influence of Water Hornification and Alkaline Treatment on the Stress-Strain Behaviour of Jute Fibers
Y.G. dos Santos Mendonça, B. Zukowsk, R.D.T. Filho
Abstract. The aim of this work is to present the influence of two treatments, namely water hornification, and alkaline treatment, on the stress-strain behaviour of jute fibers. A group of jute fibers was subjected to 5 cycles of wetting and drying. In a cycle, the fiber was immersed in water at 25 °C for 3 hours and dried for 16 hours at the temperature of 80°C. The other group was submitted to 1 cycle of alkaline treatment in a saturated solution of Ca(OH)2 with water for 50 minutes and dried for 24 hours at the temperature of 40 °C. The tensile stress-strain behavior of the natural fibers was determined before and after each treatment. The effectiveness of the alkaline treatment was evaluated by tensile tests performed on a microforce testing system using three different gage lengths: 20, 30 and 40 mm. The cross-sectional area of the fiber was measured using scanning electron microscope (SEM) micrographs and image analysis. The Young´s modulus was measured for all the groups and gage lengths. Both applied treatments increased the tensile strength of the jute fibers in comparison with the untreated fibers.
Jute, Water Hornification, Alkaline Treatment, Stress-Strain Behaviour, Scanning Electron Microscope
Published online , 8 pages
Copyright © 2018 by the author(s)
Published under license by Materials Research Forum LLC., Millersville PA, USA
Citation: Y.G. dos Santos Mendonça, B. Zukowsk, R.D.T. Filho, ‘Influence of Water Hornification and Alkaline Treatment on the Stress-Strain Behaviour of Jute Fibers’, Materials Research Proceedings, Vol. 7, pp 383-390, 2018
The article was published as article 36 of the book Non-Conventional Materials and Technologies
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