Study of Axial Compression Resistance of Cardboard Tubes to Elaboration an Innovative Structural System
G. de Cássia Salado, N.S. Dias
Abstract. Problem statement: The society has been worried about the environment, especially due to the intense exploitation of natural resources, the large quantity of residues and their effects on the planet. In this context, the study and development of new construction systems and materials have become fundamental to make use of residues or products discarded by the population. An alternative is to recycle paper and use it to manufacture cardboard tubes to serve as structural and sealing elements in the Architecture and Civil Construction areas, as Japanese architect Shigeru Ban has made in his projects worldwide for more than thirty years. Approach: This paper addresses the compression resistance of cardboard tubes, including 190 mm and 950 mm lengths, to elaboration a new structural system. These cardboard tubes were tested in laboratory. They underwent tests of compression resistance. Results: The test pieces made of cardboard tubes presented good results in all the tests, resisting to a maximum of 1700 kgf compression load or 6.14 MPa compression stress for specimens of 190 mm length and 2000 kgf or 5.69 MPa, respectively, for specimens of 950 mm length. Conclusions: The cardboard tubes tested in this research demonstrated good resistance to be used in the elaboration a new structural system. Constructions made of paper tubes may offer several advantages, such as lightness, cleanliness, speed of execution, recyclability and the reuse of discarded paper. This material is of big importance because of large production in Brazil and also of enough resistance to be used in constructions. It can be a good alternative for some kinds of constructions, like temporary, popular, emergency and movable structures, while also contributing to environmental sustainability.
Compression Resistance Test, Compressive Strength Test, Cardboard Tubes, Paper Tubes, Sustainable Constructions
Published online , 11 pages
Copyright © 2018 by the author(s)
Published under license by Materials Research Forum LLC., Millersville PA, USA
Citation: G. de Cássia Salado, N.S. Dias, ‘Study of Axial Compression Resistance of Cardboard Tubes to Elaboration an Innovative Structural System’, Materials Research Proceedings, Vol. 7, pp 128-138, 2018
The article was published as article 13 of the book Non-Conventional Materials and Technologies
 CIB. Agenda 21 para a construção sustentável. Publicação 237. São Paulo: CIB, 2000.
 Sartor, C.; Lamberts, R. Habitare: resultados de impacto 1995/2007. Florianópolis: Coan Impressão Gráfica, 2008.
 ABRELPE. Panorama dos Resíduos Sólidos no Brasil 2015. Information on http://www.abrelpe.org.br/Panorama/panorama2015.pdf. Acessed in 15/08/2017.
 Farinha e Silva, C. A.; Bueno, J. M.; Neves, M. R. A indústria de celulose e papel no Brasil. Guia ABTCP Fornecedores & Fabricantes Celulose e Papel 2016-2017. Information on http://www.poyry.com.br/sites/www.poyry.com.br/files/media/related_material/16out27a-abtcp.pdf. Acessed in 15/08/2017.
 Salado, G. Construindo com tubos de papelão: um estudo da tecnologia desenvolvida por Shigeru Ban. MS dissertation. University of São Paulo, Brazil (2006).
 McQuaid, M. Shigeru Ban. Nova York: Phaidon Press, 2003.
 Miyake, R. Shigeru Ban: Paper in Architecture. Nova York: Rizzoli International Publications, 2009.
 The JA (The Japan Architect). Shigeru Ban. Edição especial n30. Tóquio: A+U Publishing CO, summer 1998, 184p.
 Salado, G. Painel de vedação vertical de tubos de papelão: estudo, proposta e análise de desempenho. PhD thesis. University of São Paulo, Brazil (2011).
 Dias, N. S. Estudo e proposta de sistema estrutural com tubos de papelão. Scientific Initiation. University of Campinas, Brazil (2017).
 ABNT (Associação Brasileira de Normas Técnicas/Brasil). NBR 7190 – Design of wooden structures. Rio de Janeiro: ABNT (1997).
 ABNT (Associação Brasileira de Normas Técnicas/Brasil). NBR 5739 – Concrete – Compression test of cylindric specimens – method of test. Rio de Janeiro: ABNT (2007).
 ABNT (Associação Brasileira de Normas Técnicas/Brasil). NBR 14257 – Paper and board – Cores – Determination of moisture content – Oven drying method. Rio de Janeiro: ABNT (1998).