Role of Surfactants in Enhancing the Biosorption Capacity of Chitosan

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Role of Surfactants in Enhancing the Biosorption Capacity of Chitosan

Preeti Pal, Anjali Pal

This chapter highlights the properties and applications of chitosan and its derivatives for removal of heavy metals and dyes from aqueous solutions. It also explains the role of anionic surfactant (AS), sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) for enhancing the removal capacity of the chitosan. Different types of modifications can be done over the chitosan beads among which SDS modification is one of the best ways to modify the chitosan beads surface to obtain the maximum removal of heavy metals and dyes from the aqueous solutions. While SDS above its CMC is applied to the chitosan beads for the surface modification it is expected to form a bilayer over the surface and make it feasible to capture the contaminants preferably cations and cationic dyes, as the surface is negatively charged. This chapter compiles some of the recently published studies which show the application of SDS for making the aqueous solution free of contaminants.

Keywords
Marine Waste, Chitin and Chitosan, Anionic Surfactant, Sodium Dodecyl Sulfate, Heavy Metal, Dye, Adsorption

Published online 7/1/2018, 24 pages

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21741/9781945291753-9

Part of the book on Chitosan-Based Adsorbents for Wastewater Treatment

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