Effect of Chitosan Modification on its Structure and Specific Surface Area


Effect of Chitosan Modification on its Structure and Specific Surface Area

Krzysztof Barbusiński, Krzysztof Filipek, Szymon Salwiczek

The chapter shows various chitosan modification methods: preparation of hydrogel beads from powdered chitosan, cross-linking of beads using epichlorohydrin or glutaraldehyde and conditioning of beads using NaHSO4. For each modified and non-modified form of chitosan, the surface structure was analyzed using SEM images. Moreover, for chitosan and its modifications the specific surface area, the total pore volume and the total pore surface area were determined using BET nitrogen sorption isotherms.

Chitosan, Chitosan Beads, Chitosan Modification, Surface Structure, Specific Surface Area

Published online 7/1/2018, 18 pages

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21741/9781945291753-4

Part of the book on Chitosan-Based Adsorbents for Wastewater Treatment

[1] S. Salwiczek, Ph.D. thesis: The application of chitosan and its modifications for wastewater treatment, (in Polish), Silesian Technical University, Gliwice, 2015 (Poland).
[2] Shikata Futoshi, Hiroyuki Tokumitsu, Hideki Ichikawa, Yoshinobu Fukumori, In vitro cellular accumulation of gadolinium incorporated into chitosan nanoparticles designed for neutron-capture therapy of cancer, Eur. J. Pharm. Biopharm. 53 (2002) 57-63. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0939-6411(01)00198-9
[3] A. Wojtasz-Pająk, Ph.D. thesis: Preparation of chitosan with assumed physical and chemical properties from shrimp shells (Crangon cramgon [L.]), (in Polish), Sea Fisheries Institute, Gdynia, 1995 (Poland).
[4] M. Mucha, Chitosan – A comprehensive polymer from renewable resources, (in Polish), WNT, Warszawa, 2010.
[5] Bhatnagar Amit, Mika Sillanpää, Applications of chitin- and chitosan-derivatives for the detoxification of water and wastewater – A short review, Advances in Colloid and Interface Science, 152 (2009) 26-38. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cis.2009.09.003
[6] E. Guibal, Interactions of metal ions with chitosan-based sorbents: a review, Sep. Purif. Technol. 38 (2004) 43-74. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.seppur.2003.10.004
[7] P.R. Austin, C.J. Brine, J.E. Castle, J.P. Zikakis, Chitin: New facets of research, Science, 212 (1981) 749-753. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.7221561
[8] K. Barbusiński, S. Salwiczek, A. Paszewska, The use of chitosan for removing selected pollutants from water and wastewater – short review, Architecture Civil Engineering Environment, 2 (2016) 107-115.
[9] P.K. Dutta, M.N.V. Ravikumar, J. Dutta, Chitin and chitosan for versatile applications, Journal of Macromolecular Science Part C Polymer Reviews, C42 (2002) 307-354. https://doi.org/10.1081/MC-120006451
[10] P.K. Dutta, J. Dutta, V.S. Tripathi, Chitin and chitosan: chemistry, properties and applications, Journal of Scientific & Industrial Research, 63 (2004) 20-31.
[11] M.N.V. Ravi Kumar, A review of chitin and chitosan applications, Reactive & Functional Polymers, 46 (2000) 1-27. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1381-5148(00)00038-9
[12] M. Struszczyk, Chitin and chitosan. Part 2. Applications of chitosan, Polimery, 47 (2002) 396-403.
[13] S.T. Lee, F.L. Mi, Y.J. Shen, S.S. Shyu, Equilibrium and kinetic studies of copper (II) ion uptake by chitosan-tripolyphosphate chelating resin, Polymer, 42 (2001) 1879-1892. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0032-3861(00)00402-X