Utilization of Chitosan and its Nanocomposites as Adsorbents for Efficient Removal of Dyes

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Utilization of Chitosan and its Nanocomposites as Adsorbents for Efficient Removal of Dyes

Ufana Riaz, Jyoti Kashyap

Chitosan polymer nanocomposites have gained attention as effective adsorbent due to low cost and bioavailability. Many chitosan nanocomposites are obtained through chemical and physical modifications of raw chitosan that include cross-linking, grafting and impregnation of the chitosan backbone. Modification of chitosan backbone enhances the adsorption capability of the nanocomposite for adsorption of different types of dyes. This chapter discusses the different types of chitosan polymer nanocomposites that have been utilized for the removal of various organic dyes. The effects of various parameters like adsorbent dosage, dye concentration, pH, temperature, and adsorption mechanisms have also been highlighted which can help researchers to analyze and identify the future research work in this area.

Keywords
Chitosan, Adsorbent, Nanocomposites, Dye Removal, Kinetics

Published online 7/1/2018, 28 pages

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21741/9781945291753-10

Part of the book on Chitosan-Based Adsorbents for Wastewater Treatment

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