Role of Ultrasound in the Synthesis of Nanoparticles and Remediation of Environmental Pollutants
Pankaj, S. Sahu, S. Misra, H. Srivastava
The present review briefly discusses two important aspects of the application of power ultrasound. Firstly, the application of ultrasound in the synthesis of nanoparticles, using various state-of-the-art sonochemical methods for the synthesis of nanoparticles of metals of s-, p-, d- and f- blocks and their compounds using ultrasound alone or in combination with other techniques. The advantage of using ultrasound lies in controlling the size, morphology and physical state (amorphous / crystalline) of nanoparticles through the variation in frequency, power and duration of sonication. Secondly, the use of ultrasound in the remediation of pollutants in aqueous effluents, such as, metal ions, organic acids, dyes, pesticides, pharmaceuticals, preservatives etc., has been discussed. Ultrasound is undoubtedly a very promising futuristic tool for both these technologies.
Ultrasound, Cavitation, Sonophotocatalyst, Nanoparticles, Sonochemical
Published online 2/25/2018, 40 pages
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 Shumin Cui, Qianxia Chen, Weiping Wang, Jigen Miao, Aijun Wang, and Jianrong Chen Ultra-Preconcentration and Determination of Multiple Pesticide Residues in Water Samples Using Ultrasound-Assisted Dispersive Liquid–Liquid Microextraction and GC-FID, Chromatographia, 76(2013) 671–678. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10337-013-2441-7
 Zhixi Gao, Yanhong Wu, Huajun, Zhao, Fangying Ji, Qiangz He and Si Li, Concentration determination of new fungicide in river water by ultrasound-assisted emulsification micro-extraction and reversed-phase high performance liquid chromatography, Anal. Methods, 4(2012) 2365–2368. https://doi.org/10.1039/c2ay25372k
 Mei-I. Leong and Shang-Da Huang, Determination of volatile organic compounds in water using ultrasound assisted emulsification microextraction followed by gas chromatography, J. Sep. Sci. 35(2012),688–694. https://doi.org/10.1002/jssc.201100610
 Ming-Wei Shu, Mei-I Leong, Ming-Ren Fuh and Shang-Da Huang, Determination of endocrine-disrupting phenols in water samples by a new manual shaking-enhanced, ultrasound-assisted emulsification microextraction method, Analyst, 137(2012)2143-2150. https://doi.org/10.1039/c2an16117f
 Wenbo Yuan, Bingren Xiang, Liyan Yu and Liangzhen Zhu, Feasibility study on ultrasound-assisted emulsification microextraction-near infrared spectroscopy technique for the determination of traces of nonylphenol in water samples, J. Near Infrared Spectrosc. 20(2012) 675-685. https://doi.org/10.1255/jnirs.1023
 Yu-Ying Chao, Yi-Ming Tu, Zhi-Xuan Jian , Hsaio-Wen Wang and Yeou-Lih Huang, Direct determination of chlorophenols in water samples through ultrasound-assisted hollow fiber liquid–liquid–liquid microextraction on-line coupled with high-performance liquid chromatography, Journal of Chromatography A, 1271 (2013) 41– 49. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2012.11.039
 Abilasha Ramkumar, Vinoth Kumar Ponnusamy, Jen-Fon and Jen n, Rapid analysis of chlorinated anilines in environmental water samples using ultrasound assisted emulsification microextraction with solidification of floating organic droplet followed by HPLC-UV detection, Talanta, 97 (2012) 279–284. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.talanta.2012.04.031
 Ariel R. Fontana, Rodolfo G.Wuillouda, Luis D. Martínez and Jorgelina C. Altamiranoa, Simple approach based on ultrasound – assisted emulsification – microextraction for determination of polibrominated flame retardants in water samples by gas chromatography–mass spectrometry, Journal of Chromatography A, 1216 (2009) 147–153. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2008.11.034
 Y. Moliner-Martínez, R.A. González-Fuenzalida, R. Herráez-Hernández, P. Campíns –Falcó and J. Verdú-Andrés, Cleaning sorbents used in matrix solid-phase dispersion with sonication: Application to the estimation of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons at ng/g levels in marine sediments, Journal of Chromatography A, 1263 (2012) 43– 50. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2012.09.034
 Julen Bustamante, Patricia Navarro, Gorka Arana, Albertode Diego, Juan and Manuel Madariaga, Ultrasound assisted dialysis of semi-permeable membrane devices for the simultaneous analysis of a wide number of persistent organic pollutants, Talanta, 114(2013) 32–37. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.talanta.2013.03.076
 Marco Pietroletti, Serena Mattiello, Francesca Moscato, Federico Oteri and Mauro Mecozzi, One Step Ultrasound Extraction and Purification Method for the Gas Chromatographic Analysis of Hydrocarbons from Marine Sediments: Application to the Monitoring of Italian Coasts, Chromatographia, 75(2012) 961–971. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10337-011-2172-6
 Huidong Qiu and Guobing Luo, A simple and rapid method for determination of petroleum oils in sewage sludge samples with ultrasonic solvent extraction by infrared spectrophotometry under optimized analytical conditions, Anal. Methods, (2012) 4, 3891-3896. https://doi.org/10.1039/c2ay25910a
 Hou-Kung Shih, Chiao-Wen Lin, Vinoth Kumar Ponnusamy, Abilasha Ramkumaraand Jen-Fon Jen, Rapid analysis of triclosan in water samples using an in-tube ultrasonication assisted emulsification microextraction coupled with gas chromatography-electron capture detection, Anal. Methods, 5(2013), 2352-2359. https://doi.org/10.1039/c3ay40104a
 Yadollah Yamini, Abolfazl Saleh, Mohammad Rezaee, Leila Ranjbar and Morteza Moradi, Ultrasound- assisted emulsification microextraction of various preservatives from cosmetics, beverages, and water samples, Journal of Liquid Chromatography & Related Technologies, 35(2012) 2623–2642.
 Jorge Regueiro, Maria Llompart, Elefteria Psillakis , Juan C. Garcia-Monteagudo and Carmen Garcia-Jaresa,, Ultrasound-assisted emulsification–microextraction of phenolic preservatives in water, Talanta, 79 (2009) 1387–1397. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.talanta.2009.06.015
 M.M. Parrill Vázquez, P. Parrill Vázquez, M. Martínez Galer, M.D. Gil Garcí and A. Uclés, Ultrasound-assisted ionic liquid dispersive liquid–liquid microextraction coupled with liquid chromatography-quadrupole-linear ion trap-mass spectrometry for simultaneous analysis of pharmaceuticals in wastewaters, Journal of Chromatography A, 1291 (2013) 19– 26. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2013.03.066
 Li Wanga, Linling Wang, Jing Chen, Wenjun Du, Guoliang Fan and Xiaohua Lu, Ultrasonic-assisted water extraction and solvent bar microextraction followed by gas chromatography–ion trap mass spectrometry for determination of chlorobenzenes in soil samples, Journal of Chromatography A, 1256 (2012) 9– 14. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2012.07.044
 Ana I. Garcıa-Valcarcel, Esther Miguel and Jose L. Tadeo, Determination of ten perfluorinated compounds in sludge amended soil by ultrasonic extraction and liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry, Anal. Methods, 4(2012)2462-2468. https://doi.org/10.1039/c2ay25387a
 M.M. Parrilla Vázquez, P. Parrilla Vázquez, M. Martínez Galera, M.D. Gil García, Determination of eight fluoroquinolones in groundwater samples with ultrasound-assisted ionic liquid dispersive liquid–liquid microextraction prior to high-performance liquid chromatography and fluorescence detection, Analytica Chimica Acta, 748 (2012) 20– 27. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aca.2012.08.042
 Natalia Campillo, Juan Ignacio Cacho, Javier Marín, PilarViñas and Manuel Hernández-Córdoba, Ultrasound-assisted emulsification microextraction of organolead and organomanganese compounds from seawater, and their determination by GC-MS, Micro chim Acta, 181(2014)97–104.
 Xiaodong Wen, Lamei Kong, Meihui Chen, Qingwen Deng, Xia Zhao and Jie Guo, A new coupling of spectrophotometric determination with ultrasound-assisted emulsification dispersive liquid–liquid microextraction of trace silver, Spectrochimica Acta Part A: Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy, 97 (2012) 782–787. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.saa.2012.07.078
 Hassan Sereshti, Yeganeh Entezari, and Heravi, Soheila Samadi, Optimized ultrasound-assisted emulsification microextraction for simultaneous trace multielement determination of heavy metals in real water samples by ICP-OES, Talanta, 97 (2012) 235–241. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.talanta.2012.04.024
 Gholamreza Khayatian and Shahed Hassanpoor, Ultrasound Assisted Emulsification Microextraction Based on dimethyl (E)-2-[(Z)-1-acetyl)-2-hydroxy-1-propenyl]-2-butenedioate for Determination of Total Amount of Iron in Water and Tea Samples, J. Chin. Chem. Soc. 59(5) (2012), 659-666. https://doi.org/10.1002/jccs.201100447
 Mahdi Hashemia, Seyed and Mosayeb Daryanavarda, Ultrasound-assisted cloud point extraction for speciation and indirect spectrophotometric determination of chromium (III) and (VI) in water samples, Spectrochimica Acta Part A, 92 (2012) 189– 193. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.saa.2012.02.073
 Hassan Sereshti, Ahmad Rohani Far and Soheila Samad, Optimized ultrasound- assisted emulsification- microextraction followed by ICP-OES for simultaneous determination of Lanthanum and Cerium in urine and water samples, Analytical Letters, 45(2012) 1426–1439. https://doi.org/10.1080/00032719.2012.675490
 Nahid Mashkouri Najafia, Hamed Tavakoli, Yaser Abdollahzadeh and Reza Alizadeh, Comparison of ultrasound-assisted emulsification and dispersive liquid–liquid microextraction methods for the speciation of inorganic selenium in environmental water samples using low density extraction solvents, Analytica Chimica Acta, 714 (2012) 82– 88. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aca.2011.11.063
 Idalina Gonçalves, Madalena Martins, Ana Loureiro, Andreia Gomes, Artur Cavaco-Paulo and Carla Silva, Sonochemical and hydrodynamic cavitation reactors for laccase/hydrogen peroxide cotton bleaching, Ultrasonics Sonochemistry, 21(2) (2014) 774-781. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ultsonch.2013.08.006
 Pankaj, Shikha Goyal and Prem Kishore Patnala, Degradation of Reactive, Acid and Basic textile dyes in the presence of Ultrasound and rare Earths [La and Pr ], Ultrasonics Sonochemistry, 21(6)(2014) 1994-2009.
 Pankaj Srivastava, Prem Kishore Patnala and Shikha Goyal, Sonolytic decolourisation of Reactive Orange 107 dye in the presence of Titanium dioxide and Rare Earths, International Journal of Innovative Research in Science & Engineering, 2(4) (2014) 140-148.
 Pankaj Srivastava, Shikha Goyal and Rajesh Tayade, Ultrasound-assisted adsorption of Reactive Blue 21 dye on TiO2 in the presence of some rare earths (La, Ce, Pr & Gd), Canadian Journal Chem Engg. 92(1)(2014) 41-51. https://doi.org/10.1002/cjce.21799
 Pankaj Srivastava, Prem Kishore Patnala and Shikha Goyal, Sonolytic decolourisation of Acid Red 88 dye in the presence of Titanium dioxide and Rare Earths, Journal of Applicable Chemistry, 2 (2013) 66-72.
 Pankaj, Shikha Goyal and Prem Kishore Patnala, Role of Ceric ion (Ce4+) in the Sonosorption of Acid Red 114, Reactive Blue 21 and Basic Violet 16 dyes on TiO2, J. Pure & Appl.Ultrasonics, 35(2013)129-132.
 Pankaj and Shikha Goyal, Sonochemical decolourisation of Reactive Blue 21 and Acid Red 114 in the presence of TiO2 and Rare Earths, Material Science Forum, Switzerland, 734 (2013) 237-247.
 Pankaj, Theoretical and Experimental Sonochemistry Involving Inorganic Systems in: “Aqueous Inorganic Sonochemistry”, Pankaj and M. Ashokkumar (Eds.), Springer, UK. Chapter 9, 2010, pp. 213 – 271.
 Pankaj, Manju Chauhan. “Sonochemical Study on Multivalent Cations (Fr, Cr & Mn)” in: Theoretical and Experimental Sonochemistry Involving Inorganic Systems, Pankaj and M. Ashokkumar (Eds.), Springer, UK, Chapter 10, 2010, pp. 273 – 285.
 Pankaj and Mayank Verma, “Sonochemical degradation of phenol in the presence of inorganic catalytic materials” in: Theoretical and Experimental Sonochemistry Involving Inorganic Systems, Pankaj and M. Ashokkumar (Eds.), Springer, UK. Chapter 11, 2010, pp.287 – 313.
 Mayank Verma and Pankaj, “Sono-photo-catalytic degradation of Amines In water” in: Theoretical and Experimental Sonochemistry Involving Inorganic Systems, Pankaj and M. Ashokkumar (Eds), Springer, UK, Chapter 12, 2010, pp.315 – 336.
 Pankaj and Mayank Verma, “Sonophotocatalytic behavior of cerium doped salts of Cu(II), Co(II) and Mn(II) in the degradation of phenol”, Indian J. Chem. 48A(2009)367-371.
 Pankaj,Mayank Verma and Himanshi Rikhy. “Sono-photo-catalytic behavior of Cerium in the Degradation of Potassium Iodide”, J. Pure & Appl. Ultrasonics, 31(3) (2009)105-109.
 Manisha V. Bagal and Parag R Gogate, Waste water treatment using hybrid treatment schemes based on cavitation and Fenton chemistry : A Review, Ultrasonics Sonochemistry, 21 (2014) 1 – 14. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ultsonch.2013.07.009
 Vladimir O. Abramov, Anna V. Abramova, Petr P. Keremetin, Marat S. Mullakaev, Georgiy B. Vexler and Timothy J. Mason, Ultrasonically improved galvanochemical technology for the remediation of industrial wastewater, Ultrasonics Sonochemistry, 21 (2014) 812–818. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ultsonch.2013.08.013