Smart material and structural health monitoring in composite applications – an innovative approaches in non destructive testing

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Smart material and structural health monitoring in composite applications – an innovative approaches in non destructive testing

F. Mustapha

A series of advances in improving structural integrity and lifespan has been a major focuse area for critical assembly structures such as aircraft and other related aerospace systems. It is well known that the adoption of new materials and technologies into aerospace structures is very conservative and heavily dependent upon past design technology. Most modern and existing aircrafts are currently employing two design methodologies for the enhancement of the life management process, which are the safe-life, and damage-tolerant philosophy. Based on these procedures, the methodology is only beneficial if the critical damage location is known beforehand and moreover the drawback from this principle is that, it is a manpower related inspection which will have a significant impact on the overall direct operational costs (DOC). Even though this methodology is widely used by many aircraft designers in order to ensure safety and reliability, the frequent cycles and elaborate inspection procedures can sometimes be considered unnecessary, inefficient and can potentially lead to economic turmoil and increase the aircraft downtime. Thus, the method of inspection is critical to distinguish the structure life and true condition of the tested structure effectively. Nevertheless, selecting an inspection method is still subjective and in most cases will depend on several other factors and professional experience. The urgent need for fast and efficient selection of Non Destructive Evaluation\ Testing (NDE/T) is vital for reducing the need for man-power and aircraft down-time costs. In addition, consistent monitoring of the structural states of the aircraft structure is important for ensuring reliability and durability of the air vehicles. The process of continuous or consistent monitoring using the above NDE/T methods also known as a Structural Health Monitoring (SHM) system.

Keywords
Composite Materials, Non Destructive Testing (NDT), Structural Health Monitoring (SHM)

Published online 3/16/2017, 25 pages
Copyright © 2016 by the author(s)
Published under license by Materials Research Forum LLC., Millersville PA, USA

Citation: F. Mustapha, ‘Smart material and structural health monitoring in composite applications – an innovative approaches in non destructive testing’, Materials Research Foundations, Vol. 13, pp 1-25, 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21741/9781945291296-1

The article was published as article 1 of the book Innovation in Smart Materials and Structural Health Monitoring for Composite Applications

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