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Eds. Mohammed Essaid Achour, Rajaa Touahni, Rochdi Messoussi, Mohammed Elaatmani, Mustapha Ait Ali

The goal of this collection of peer reviewed papers is to provide researchers and scientists from all over the world with recent developments in dielectric materials and their innovative applications. The book will be useful for materials scientists, physicists, chemists, biologists, and electrical engineers engaged in fundamental and applied research or technical investigations of such materials.

Dielectric Materials and Applications
ISyDMA’2016
Eds. Mohammed Essaid Achour, Rajaa Touahni, Rochdi Messoussi, Mohammed Elaatmani, Mustapha Ait Ali
Materials Research Proceedings Volume 1
Publication Date 2016, 330 Pages
Print ISBN 978-1-945291-18-0
ePDF ISBN 978-1-945291-19-7
DOI: 10.21741/9781945291197

The First International Symposium on Dielectric Materials and Applications (ISyDMA’2016) was held in Kenitra (4 May, 2016) and in Rabat (May 5-6, 2016), Morocco. ISyDMA’2016 provided an international forum for reporting the most recent developments in Advanced Dielectric Materials and Applications.
The goal of this collection of peer reviewed papers is to provide researchers and scientists from all over the world with recent developments in dielectric materials and their innovative applications. The book will be useful for materials scientists, physicists, chemists, biologists, and electrical engineers engaged in fundamental and applied research or technical investigations of such materials.

Keywords
Dielectric Materials, Nanomaterials, Nanotubes, Nanocomposites, Polymer Composites, Thin Films, Metallic Glasses, Ceramic Glasses, Biomaterials, Solar Cells

Table of Contents

Frontpages

Effect of particle size on dielectric and photoluminescence spectroscopy of ZnS nanoparticles
P.K. GHOSH


Studies of temperature-dependent behaviour and crystallization of Ni36.3Zr63.7 metallic glass determined by resistivity, thermopower and DSC
B. SMILI, M. MAYOUFI, I. KABAN, J G.GASSER, F.GASSER


Study of physicochemical and dielectric proprieties of dicationic ionic liquids: the effect of the nature of the cation
B. HADDAD, E. BELARBI, T. MOUMENE, M. RAHMOUNI, D. VILLEMIN


Complex impedance study of carbon nanotubes/polyester polymer composites
Z. SAMIR, Y. EL MERABET, M. P. F.GRAÇA, S. SORETO TEIXEIRA, M. E. ACHOUR, L. C. COSTA


Numerical simulation of the microwave complex permittivity of carbon black particles filled polymer composites
Y. NIOUA, S. EL BOUAZZAOUI, M.E. ACHOUR, F. LAHJOMRI


Dielectric properties of high density polyethylene-nano-composites
O. GOUDA, A.S. HAIBA


Vegetable oil electrical properties analysis for power insulation use
O. IDIR, A. REFFAS, S. AMEUR, F. CHETIBI, H. MOULAI, I. KHELFANE, M. OUAGUENI, A. BEZAZ


Interphase effect on the complex permittivity for composite materials at low frequencies
S. EL BOUAZZAOUI, Y. NIOUA, M.E. ACHOUR, F. LAHJOMRI


The study of gate length AlGaAs/InGaAs/GaAs pseudomorphic high electron mobility transistor
F.Z. BECHLAGHEM, A. GUEN BOUAZZA, B. BOUAZZA, B. BOUCHACHIA


Dielectric investigation of polytetrafluoroethylene manufactured by a newly spark plasma sintering (SPS) technique
H. LAHLALI, A. MDARHRI, I. EL ABOUDI, M. EL AZHARI, M. ZAGHRIOUI, C. HONSTETTRE


Influence of DC voltage on the dielectric properties of nematics
N. ÉBER, B. FEKETE, P. SALAMON, Á. BUKA, A. KREKHOV


Effect of temperature and filler concentration on the electrical parameters of a dispersion of carbon nanotubes in an epoxy matrix
S.BOUKHEIR, M.E. ACHOUR, OUERIAGLI, A. OUTZOURHIT, N.ÉBER, L.C. COSTA


Mineralogical, chemical and textural study of roman mortars for their restoration case of the historic site of Volubilis (Morocco)
A. AMMARI, A. DEKAYIR, M.A.DOS-BENNANI


Analytical estimation of flashover voltage based on simplified formulation of the resistance of the pollution layer
S.A. BESSEDIK, H. HADI, R. DJEKIDEL


Advanced nanosized spinels for energy conversion application
T. PETKOVA, D. NICHEVA, B. ABRASHEV, K. PETROV, P. PETKOV


Contribution to the study of power losses due to friction phenomenon between spur gear teeth
B. MUSHIRABWOBA, B. LAHCEN, B. NAJJI,
A. LASRI


Simulation of electrical properties of InP/InGaAs heterojunction bipolar transistors in microwave
Y. BERRICHI, K. GHAFFOUR


Electric field distribution around 400 kV line composite insulators in different connection conditions
M. BOUHAOUCHE, A. MEKHALDI, M. TEGUAR


Modeling and optimization techniques of boron diffusion parameters in MOS transistor using SILVACO ATHENA and Matlab
N. GUENIFI, R. MAHAMDI, I. RAHMANI


Study and design of nanostructures on lithium niobate for dielectric material sensors: application in electrical insulation systems
A. LECHLECH, D. KALAIDJI, K. HENAOUI RAHMOUN


Electronic and optical properties of polymer MEH-PPV and their applications in hybrid optoelectronic devices
E. KHENNOUS, I.E. YAHIAOUI, H. ABID


The electrical conductivity behavior of an organic insulator caused by presence of dead ends under high electric field
A. BENALLOU, B. HADRI, J. MARTINEZ-VEGA


Dynamic piezoelectric response of cellular micro-structured PDMS piezo-electret material as a function of polymeric reticulation ratio
A. KACHROUDI, S. BASROUR, L. RUFER, F. JOMNI


A non-destructive planar biosensor for dielectric materials characterization
N. AOUABDIA, N.E. BELHADJ-TAHAR, G. ALQUIE


Elaboration and characterization of polyaniline based polymer composites: a comparative study
D. MEZDOUR


Structural and composition properties of ZnO thin films elaborated by spray pyrolysis
S. BOULMELH, L. SACI, F. MANSOUR, R. MAHAMADI


Theoretical investigations, spectroscopy and spin orbit couplings for heavy metal complexes MX (M=Hg, and X=H, O, S)
N. EZARFI, A. TOUIMI BENJELLOUN, S. SABOR, M.BENZAKOUR, M. MCHARFI, A. DAOUDI


Characterization of streamer patterns in insulating vegetable oil subjected under impulse voltages by fractal analysis
A. YOUSFI, B. ZEGNINI


Prediction of the AC electrical conductivity of carbon black filled polymer composites
S.A. ELHAD KASSIM, M.E. ACHOUR, L.C. COSTA


Nanoscaled chalcogenide films for optical applications
P. PETKOV, A. STOILOVA, T. PETKOVA


Study of corrosion by alternating currents on buried and cathodically protected pipelines near high-voltage power lines
F. BABAGHAYOU, B. ZEGNINI, T. SEGHIER


Image-based CFD modelling of cerebral blood flow
S. DJALAL, K. MANSOUR


Effect of TiO2 nanoparticles on physical properties of Tripropyleneglycol Diacrylate /liquid crystal (TPGDA/ E7) systems
S. BOUADJELA, F.Z. ABDOUNE, M. ULRICH, L. MECHERNENE


Dielectric properties in large temperature and frequency ranges of ferroelectric ceramics
H. AIT LAASRI, A. TACHAFINE, D. FASQUELLE, N. TENTILLIER, J.-C. CARRU, M. ELAATMANI, L.C. COSTA, A. OUTZOURHIT


Optical properties of zinc sulfide (ZnS) thin films prepared by chemical spray pyrolysis
N. TOUIDJEN, F. MANSOUR, B. BENDAHMANE, M.S. AIDA


Evaluation of critical volume in strongly inhomogeneous electric fields
I. ADJIM, N. ADJIM


Consequences of dielectric mismatch on the engineering band gap of PbS/CdS core/shell quantum dots
A. ZOUITINE, A.IBRAL, E. FEDDI, E. ASSAID


Ge on porous silicon/Si substrate analysed by Raman spectroscopy and atomic force microscopy
R. MAHAMDI, S. GOUDER, S. ESCOUBAS, L. FAVRE, M. AOUASSA, A. RONDA, I. BERBEZIER


Original solution for a photovoltaic installation at a remote site
M. CHADEL, M.M. BOUZAKI, B. BENYOUCEF, A. CHADEL, M. AILLERIE


FITR and physical properties studies of xBi2O3-(100-x)P2O5 glasses
Z. RAMZI, W. NACHIT, K. BENKHOUJA, S. TOUHTOUH


Study of impurities effect on the dielectric properties of ammonium phosphate fertilizer using the dielectric impedance spectroscopy
N. LEBBAR, R. LAHKALE, W. ELHATIMI, E. SABBAR, A. HAFNAOUI, KHOULOUD M., R. BOULIF


Charging process and trapped charge characterization in insulating materials using an influence current method (ICM) in adapted SEM
O. MEKNI, D. GOEURIOT, S. JOAO SAO, C. MEUNIER, B. ASKRI, K. RAOUADI, G. DAMAMME


Current characteristics in corona charged polyimides films
Z. ZIARI, H. MALLEM, N, AMIOUR, S. SAHLI


Evaluation of thermal characterization of PMMA/PPy composite materials
I. BOUKNAITIR, N. ARIBOU, S.A.E. KASSIM, M.E. ACHOUR, L.C. COSTA


Numerical study of influence of protective materials on photovoltaic cell efficiency: comparison between glass and teflon
A. LAAZIZI, H. LABRIM, H. EZ-ZAHRAOUY, K. NOUNEH


Analysis of the relationship between the distribution of a dielectric layer on a nano-tip apex and the distribution of emitted electrons
A.M. AL-QUDAH, M.S. MOUSA


Switch-on henomena and field electron emission from MWCNTs encapsulated in glass
M.S. MOUSA, E.S. BANI ALI


Antenna gain and directivity improvement by using metamaterial unit-cell inspired in superstrate with zero refractive index
M. ELHABCHI, M.N SRIFI, R. TOUAHNI


First principles studies of electronic and optical properties of Ternary semiconductors AgAlX2 (X = S, Se, Te)
M.OULEDALI, S. LOUHIBI-FASLA, B. AMRANI


Study of dielectric properties of polyvinyl chloride (PVC) by the thermally stimulated current technique (TSC)
M. OUAZENE


Parallel plate waveguide with isotropic chiral medium route to metamaterial
S. AIB, F. BENABDELAZIZ, C. EDDINE ZEBIRI, Z. MEZACHE


RF/ microwaves biological effects and dielectric properties of human tissues
M.H. QADDI, M.N. SRIFI


Stimulator interface control for various electrotherapy applications
A. SALBI, S. BRI


Rare-earth doped silica-hafnia glass ceramic for silicon solar cell efficiency enhancement
S. BELMOKHTAR, A. BOUAJAJ, M. BRITEL, N. LOTFI, F. BELLUOMO, C. ARMELLINI, F. ENRICHI, M. FERRARI, F. ENRICHI


Optimizing the consumption of a pottery kiln in Salé (Oulja)
M. BAKKARI, F. LEMMINI, K. GUERAOUI


Copper oxide nanowires synthetized by facile route for electrical application
N. AL ARMOUZI, M. EL YAAGOUBI, M. MABROUKI, N. KOUIDER


Adhesion of staphylococcus aureus on thin films of zinc oxide
Y. NAJIH, M. ELYAAGOUBI, N. KOUIDER, J. BENOURRAM, M. MABROUKI, H. LATRACHE


Theoretical modelling of the temperature effect in dye sensitized solar cells
A. ABOULOUARD, A. JOUAITI, B. ELHADADI, M. ADAR


Studies on the dielectric properties of olive pomace grains reinforced polymer matrix composites
L. KREIT, Z. SAMIR, M.E. ACHOUR, A. OUERIAGLI, A. OUTZOURHIT, L.C. COSTA, M. MABROUKI


Experimental verification on enhancing electric and dielectric phenomena of transformer nanofluids
O.E. GOUDA, A. THABET


Influence of various types of dielectric epoxylite resin on field electron emission properties from the nano and micro scale tungsten and carbon fiber tips
S.S. ALNAWASREH, A.M. AL-QUDAH, M.A. MADANAT, E.S. BANI ALI, A.M. ALMASRI, M.S. MOUSA


TEM and XRD characterizations of epitaxial silicon layer fabricated on double layer porous silicon
S. GOUDER, L. TEBESSI, R. MAHAMDI, S. ESCOUBAS, L. FAVRE, M. AOUASSA, A. RONDA, I. BERBEZIER


Lawsonite thin film as radiative cooling minerals for dew harvesting
M. BENLATTAR, M. MAZROUI, A. MOUHSEN, E.M. OUALIM


Dilute nitride GaInAsN: a promising material for concentrator photovoltaic cells
T. BOURAGBA, M. MIHAILOVC, J. LEYMARIE


Study of ferrite by resonant nuclear scattering nickel-iron: the influence of directional order
A. BENLALLI


Some physical properties of the glasses within the Li2O-Li2WO4-TiO2-P2O5 system
H. ES-SOUFI, L. BIH, B. MANOUN, D. MEZZANE, P. LAZOR


Effect of porosity and incident angle on the optical emission radiations of silicon and porous silicon under Kr+ ion beam bombardment
H. TARGAOUI, S. MARGOUM, A. EL BOUJLAIDI, R. BENDAOUD, I. ASHRAF, K. BERRADA


Studies of SnS thin films grown by SILAR method
Y. Qachaou, A. Raidou, K. Nouneh, M. Lharch, A. Qachaou, M. Fahoume, L. Laanab


Study of transport phenomenon in ternary alloys AlGaN, InGaN and InGaN
N. BACHIR, N.E. CHABANE SARI


Low-frequency dispersion behavior of impedance spectra of Li0.867Nb0.988Ni0.098O3 ceramic
A. EL BACHIRI, M. EL HASNAOUI, F. BENNANI


A comparative study of electrical conductivity behaviour in polyamides/polyaniline composites
D. MEZDOUR


UV-VIS spectroscopic studies of some skin of tomatoes and peppers
C. NACEUR ABOULOULA, A. OUERIAGLI, A. OUTZOURHIT


Characterization of microstructure of coriander seeds (coriandrum sativum)
L. KADIRI, Y. ESSAADAOUI, E.H. RIFI, A. LEBKIRI


Characterization of the microstructure of bark of eucalyptus “eucalyptus camaldulensis”
Y. ESSAADAOUI, L. KADIRI, E.H. RIFI, A. LEBKIRI


Electrical proprieties of self-assembled polymers prepared by spin coating route
M. ADAR, N. AlARMOZI, M. MABROUKI, A. OUERIAGLI, A. OUTZOURHIT, R.M. LEBLANC


About the Editors

ACHOUR Mohammed Essaid received the “Thèse de 3ème cycle” from The Bordeaux University (France) and “Thèse d’état” from the Moulay Ismail University of Meknes (Morocco) degrees in field of Physics in 1983 and 1991 respectively. From 1983 to 1992 he was an “Maitre assistant”, at Sciences Faculty of Meknes (Morocco), “Maitre de Conférence” (1992-1996) and Professor. He joined the Sciences Faculty at Kenitra in 1999. From 1997 to 2011, he was also teacher with Royal Military Academy at Meknes. He is Expert evaluator, member of the scientific committee of the National Center for Scientific and Technical Research (CNRST), The Moroccan Center for Innovation (CIM) and he is Chair and foundater member of Moroccan Association of the Advanced Materials (A2MA). He is honoured as guest professor at Brest University in France and visiting scientist/researcher at different universities and research Centers in France, Canada, Portugal, Hungary, Italy and Tunisia. His research interests include electromagnetic and electrical properties, microwave characterization and dielectric responses of the composite materials : carbon dots, graphene, carbon nanotubes, carbon black, and natural fibers in the natural or synthetic polymers. Experience, modelling and numerical simulations. Pr. ACHOUR M.E. has co-authored peer-review more than 65 scientific papers published in leading refereed journals, about 100 congress communications, 2 Book Chapters and 6 Guest editorials. He participated in 12 cooperation projects. He was the chairs of the First International Symposium on Dielectric Materials and Applications “ISyDMA’2016” (Kenitra-Rabat, Morocco May 4-6, 2016), the Fourth Meeting On Dielectric Materials “IMDM’4” (Marrakech, Morocco May 29-31, 2013) and the Co-Chair of the International Symposium on the Advanced Materials for Optics Micro-Electronics and Nanoelectronics “AMOMEN’2011 (Kenitra, Morocco, October 27-29 2011).

TOUAHNI Raja received the Doctorat 3ème cycle in Microelectronics from the University Paul Sabatier , Toulouse, France, in September 1986. From 1987 to 2001, she was a Professor assistant at Sciences Faculty of Kénitra. In 2001, she received the “Thèse d’état” from the Ibn Tofail University of Kénitra (Morocco) degrees in field of Data Analysis and she is currently Professor in this University.
Her current interests include Image Processing, Data Analysis, Antenna and Metamaterials. Professeur Touahni R. is the head of the research team in “Traitement de l’Information et Ingénierie de la Décision” and she has supervised PhD students who are currently pursuing research in academics institutions. She has co- authored peer-reviewed more than 40 scientifics papers publishing in refereed journals, 1Book Chapter and has been contributing to several projects in her field (ERASMUS, Volubilis, …). Pr. Touahni R. was the co-chairs of the “First International Symposium on Dielectrics Materials and Applications May 2016” and “5th Doctoral Days for IT (JDTIC’2013)” and also founding member of the “ Moroccan Association of the Advanced Materials (A2MA)” and “Moroccan Classification Society (SMC)”.

MESSOUSSI Rochdi, received the Ph.D degree in solid state physics from the University of Nantes, France, in 1990. From 1993 to 1995 and from 1996 to 1997 he carried out a research stay in the field of semiconductors technology at the Tohoku University, Sendai, Japan. In 2001 he received the master degree in the use of IT for learning from the University of Strasbourg, France. He is currently professor at Ibn Tofail University, Kénitra, Morocco. For the last 15 years, he has been carrying out research, about Human Computer Interaction to promote learning and education. Pr. MESSOUSSI R. was the co-Chair of the 9 African Conference on Research in Computer Science (CARI’08) held at Kénitra – Rabat (October 2008) and co-chair of the 1th International Symposium on Dielectric Materials and Applications (Mai 20016). He also chaired the 5 Doctoral Days for IT (JDTIC-Kénitra 2013). He was Member of the Permanent Committee (20018-2012) of the African Symposium on Research in Computer Sciences (CARI and also founding member of the Moroccan Association of the Advanced Materials (A2MA). Pr. MESSOUSSI R. was the head of the physics Department from 2012 to 2014 and is currently Director of the IT Resources Center at Ibn Tofail University.

ELAATMANI Mohamed received the ” These d’état ” from The Bordeaux I University (France) of Solid State Chemistry and Materials Sciences in 1981. From 1981 to 1985 , he was an “Maitre de Conférences ”, and Professor since 1985 at Semlalia Sciences Faculty of Cadi Ayyad University Marrakech (Morocco) . He joined the Semlalia Sciences Faculty in 1981 . Pr. ELAATMANI has co-authored of Patent. Ferroelectric oxyfluorinated materials and process for their production. Invention of Dossier No. 44411. Application No. 7911936, filed on May 10, 1979 in the name of the National Agency for the Promotion of Research (ANVAR) . He was editing a scientific work “ Problems of solved exams with reminders of courses of general chemistry “ February 1995, Africa, print edition 159 bis, Boulv. Yacoub Elmansour Casablanca (Morocco) . Since 1983 , He is foundater member of Moroccan Meeting on Solid State Chemistry (REMCES) . Member of the Organizing Committee of 24 th European Crystallographic Meeting (EMC 24) , Marrakech-Morocco 22-27 August 2007, of IMDM’4 Fourth International Meeting On Dielectric Materials Marrakech, Morocco, 29-31 May 2013 and several times as Professor invited to the University of South Toulon –Var, France. He participated in several cooperation projects, being coordinator of 15. Pr. ELAATMANI has co-authored peer-review more than 90 scientific papers published in leading refereed journals and about 150 congress communications. Pr. ELAATMANI is also referring to several articles in international newspapers , expertise of 12 PARS, projects member of the committee of reading, editing of the articles of the several Moroccan meetings on the REMCES, the supervision of several theses and several administrative responsibilities.

AIT ALI Mustapha received the Doctorate “3ieme cycle” and the Doctorate “d’Etat” degrees from Cadi Ayyad University Marrakech-Morocco in the field of chemistry (Organometallic and catalysis) in 1990 and 2001 respectively. From 1995 to 2001 he was a Professor Assistant, 2001 to 2005 as Professor and since 2005 as Professor titular of Organic Chemistry, Organometallic Chemistry and catalyze in the Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Sciences Semlalia Cadi Ayyad University Marrakech-Morocco. He is honoured as guest professor at Villeneuve d’Ascq University, France, ENS Chimie de Rennes France and University of Cergy Pontoise France. His research interests include Coordination Chemistry, asymmetric Catalysis, Green chemistry and nanoparticles and the chemistry of nanostructured materials: graphene; silicene and phosphorene. Pr. AIT ALI M. has co-authored peer-review more than 60 scientific papers published in leading refereed journals, about 70 congress communications and about 10 Thesis supervised. He participated in 10 international cooperation projects. He participated as active member in the organization of several international conferences: « Transmediterranean Meeting on Organometallic Chemistry and Catalysis » Morocco ( RENACOM 2001, 2003, 2005, 2007, 2009); « International Conference on Nano-Materials and Renewable Energies, Safi, Morocco, 2010»; « Second Ecole Franco-Maghrebian of Nanosciences, Marrakech, Morocco, 2010»; « International Conference on Nano-Materials and Renewable Energies, Marrakech, Morocco, 2011»; the Fourth Meeting On Dielectric Materials “IMDM’4” (Marrakech, Morocco May 29-31, 2013); (Euro-Mediterranean Conference on Materials and Renewable Energies EMCMRE-3 Marrakech-Morocco 2015) and the First International Symposium on Dielectric Materials and Applications “ISyDMA’2016” (Kenitra-Rabat, Morocco May 4-6, 2016).