Challenges of Measuring Residual Stresses in Large Girth Welded Pipe Spools by Neutron Diffraction

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Challenges of Measuring Residual Stresses in Large Girth Welded Pipe Spools by Neutron Diffraction

Y. Ren, A. Paradowska, E. Eren, B. Wang

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Abstract. In this paper, welding induced residual stresses in a welded API 5L X65 girth pipe spools are discussed in as-welded and in local post weld heat treated conditions. Stress measurements were carried out non-destructively using the neutron diffraction technique. For such large-scale components residual stress measurements require significant preparation and planning. First of all, a choice of stress free lattice spacing value, discussed extensively, is of great importance for the evaluation of residual strains and stresses correctly. Besides, the use of a virtual instrument (SSCANSS software) can optimize measurements for distorted or undistorted large components with or without complex details. Moreover, the well-planned “window” cut through the thickness greatly reduced measurement time. A number of points were measured across the weld, HAZ and the parent material. Measurement results showed that residual stresses in the as-welded condition was lower than the yield strength of the material, and significant relaxation was also observed in the post weld heat treated samples.

Keywords
Residual Stress, Neutron Diffraction, Girth Welded Pipe

Published online 12/22/2016, 6 pages
Copyright © 2016 by the author(s)
Published under license by Materials Research Forum LLC., Millersville PA, USA

Citation: Y. Ren, A. Paradowska, E. Eren, B. Wang, ‘Challenges of Measuring Residual Stresses in Large Girth Welded Pipe Spools by Neutron Diffraction’, Materials Research Proceedings, Vol. 2, pp 575-580, 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21741/9781945291173-97

The article was published as article 97 of the book Residual Stresses 2016

Content from this work may be used under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 licence. Any further distribution of this work must maintain attribution to the author(s) and the title of the work, journal citation and DOI.

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