In-vitro Investigation of Air Plasma-Sprayed Hydroxyapatite Coatings by Diffraction Techniques

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In-vitro Investigation of Air Plasma-Sprayed Hydroxyapatite Coatings by Diffraction Techniques

T.P. Ntsoane, C. Theron, A. Venter, M. Topic, M. Härting, R. Heimann

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Abstract. The influence exposure to simulated body fluid (SBF) has on plasma-sprayed hydroxyapatite (HAp) coatings of medical-grade Ti6Al4V rods was investigated by quantifying the depth dependence of the phase composition and residual stress through the coating thickness using diffraction techniques. Chemical phase identification showed HAp existing together with its thermal decomposition products, tetra-calcium phosphate (TTCP), tri-calcium phosphate (TCP) and calcium oxide. With depth, the HAp content decreases with a corresponding increase in TTCP. The near surface stress condition comprised ~50 ± 10 MPa hoop stress with the radial stress being close to zero. With depth the hoop stress decreases linearly to ~-50 ± 25 MPa at the substrate interface, whilst the radial stress increases with depth. Upon exposure to SBF, the coating composition reveals an increase in HAp from ~80.0 ± 0.5 to ~86.0 ± 0.5 wt%, accompanied by a decrease of TTCP from ~10 ± 2 to ~6 ± 2 wt% wt%. A change in stress state occurred within the first day of incubation; where after, with further exposure time the stress state converted back to values similar to that of the as-sprayed condition.

Keywords
Plasma-Sprayed Hydroxyapatite Coatings, High-Energy Diffraction, Quantitative Phase Analysis, Depth-Resolved Residual Stress

Published online 12/22/2016, 6 pages
Copyright © 2016 by the author(s)
Published under license by Materials Research Forum LLC., Millersville PA, USA

Citation: T.P. Ntsoane, C. Theron, A. Venter, M. Topic, M. Härting, R. Heimann, ‘In-vitro Investigation of Air Plasma-Sprayed Hydroxyapatite Coatings by Diffraction Techniques’, Materials Research Proceedings, Vol. 2, pp 485-490, 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21741/9781945291173-82

The article was published as article 82 of the book Residual Stresses 2016

Content from this work may be used under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 licence. Any further distribution of this work must maintain attribution to the author(s) and the title of the work, journal citation and DOI.

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