Effect of Ultrasonic Peening on Residual Stresses at a T-Butt Weld Toe

Article PDF

Effect of Ultrasonic Peening on Residual Stresses at a T-Butt Weld Toe

A.K. Hellier, B.G. Prusty, G.M. Pearce, M. Reid, A.M. Paradowska, P. Simons

download PDF

Abstract. The current paper presents the results of neutron diffraction measurements of the through-thickness residual stress field at the toe of a T-butt weld, made from 10mm thick A350 grade black mild steel plates, after successful ultrasonic peening. A single ultrasonic peening treatment was carried out at the weld toe. Residual stresses were measured using the KOWARI instrument at ANSTO. The neutron diffraction technique was chosen for this study because of its ability to measure three-dimensional residual stress deep within the component at high resolutions.
Although the nominal yield stress of the A350 grade plate is 350 MPa the actual yield stress is generally higher, in this case averaging out to about 400 MPa. Ultrasonic peening was highly effective, leading to a residual stress redistribution with a maximum compressive stress of about 250 MPa at the weld toe surface and a maximum tensile stress of 220 MPa, at a depth of almost 3mm into the base plate. The resulting compressive residual stresses at the weld toe surface will almost certainly increase substantially both the fatigue initiation and propagation lives, or may prevent fatigue completely. Since A350 steel is widely used in buildings, bridges and offshore structures, ultrasonic peening shows great promise as an in-situ peening method in order to improve weld fatigue performance.

Keywords
A350 Grade, Black Mild Steel Plate, T-Butt Welded Joint, Ultrasonic Peening, Residual Stresses, Fatigue Crack Growth, Parametric Equations

Published online 12/22/2016, 6 pages
Copyright © 2016 by the author(s)
Published under license by Materials Research Forum LLC., Millersville PA, USA

Citation: A.K. Hellier, B.G. Prusty, G.M. Pearce, M. Reid, A.M. Paradowska, P. Simons, ‘Effect of Ultrasonic Peening on Residual Stresses at a T-Butt Weld Toe’, Materials Research Proceedings, Vol. 2, pp 19-24, 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21741/9781945291173-4

The article was published as article 4 of the book Residual Stresses 2016

Content from this work may be used under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 licence. Any further distribution of this work must maintain attribution to the author(s) and the title of the work, journal citation and DOI.

References
[1] R.T. Yekta, S. Walbridge, Acceptance Criteria for Ultrasonic Impact Treatment (UIT), Ontario Ministry of Transportation, Provincial Highways Management Division, Highway Infrastructure Innovation Funding Program, Final Report No. HIIFP-110, Canada, February 2013.
[2] L. Lopez Martinez, Z. Barsoum, A. Paradowska, State-of-the-art: Fatigue life extension of offshore installations, in: Proc. 31st International Conference on Ocean, Offshore and Arctic Engineering (OMAE2012), Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 1-6 July 2012, Paper 83044.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1115/omae2012-83044
[3] Esonix UIT, Application Guide, Post Weld Treatment for Fatigue Enhancement, Carbon Steel Welded Structures, Applied Ultrasonics, Revision 2.0, Revision Date: 28 June 2006.
[4] F.P. Brennan, W.D. Dover, R.F. Karé, A.K. Hellier, Parametric equations for T-butt weld toe stress intensity factors, Int. J. Fatigue 21 (1999) 1051-1062.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0142-1123(99)00090-0
[5] X. Niu, G. Glinka, Theoretical and experimental analyses of surface fatigue cracks in weldments, in: W.G. Reuter, J.H. Underwood, J.C. Newman (Eds.), Proc. Symposium on Surface-Crack Growth: Models, Experiments, and Structures, Sparks, NV, 25 April 1988, ASTM STP 1060, American Society for Testing and Materials, Philadelphia, PA, 1990, pp. 390-413.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1520/stp23445s
[6] F.P. Brennan, P. Peleties, A.K. Hellier, Predicting weld toe stress concentration factors for T and skewed T-joint plate connections, Int. J. Fatigue 22 (2000) 573-584.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0142-1123(00)00031-1
[7] A.K. Hellier, F.P. Brennan, D.G. Carr, Weld toe SCF and stress distribution parametric equations for tension (membrane) loading, in: Proc. Fatigue 2014, 11th International Fatigue Congress, MCG, Melbourne, 2-7 March 2014, Adv. Mater. Research 891-892 (2014) 1525-1530.
[8] P. Paris, F. Erdogan, A critical analysis of crack propagation laws, Trans. ASME, J. Basic Eng. 85 (1963) 528-534.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1115/1.3656900
[9] R.G. Forman, V.E. Kearney, R.M. Engle, Numerical analysis of crack propagation in cyclic-loaded structures, Trans. ASME, J. Basic Eng. 89 (1967) 459-463.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1115/1.3609637
[10] P.S. May, R.C. Wimpory, G.A. Webster, N.P. O’Dowd, Determination of the Residual Stress Distribution in a Welded T-Plate Joint, Experimental Report, REST Instrument, Experiment Number 425, The Studsvik Neutron Research Laboratory (NFL), University of Uppsala, Studsvik, Sweden, 2000.