Evaluation of Palm Fiber Components as Alternative Biomass Wastes for Medium Density Fiberboard Manufacturing
Abdel-Baset A. Adam, Altaf H. Basta, Houssni El-Saieddownload PDF
Abstract. This work deals with assessing the date palm component wastes as alternative lignocellulosic material for production of Medium density fiberboards (MDF), in order to establish economic and balance between production/consumer ratio at different provinces rather than Upper Egypt. Palm leaves and palm frond was used as MDF precursors. Different urea formaldehyde (UF) levels (10-14%/fiber) and pressing pressure (25-35 bar) were applied in this evaluation. The acceptable interaction of palm fibers component with UF was optimized by characterizing its DSC & TGA, in comparison with commercial used sugarcane bagasse fibers. The promising MDF Panel is obtained from palm frond fibers and its mechanical and water resistance properties fulfill the ANSI standard for high grade MDF wood products, especially on applying UF level 12-14%, and pressing pressure, 35 bar. It is interesting to note that, applying higher pressing pressure together with 12% UF level provided palm frond-based MDF with static bending properties, higher than commercial Bagasse-based MDF. The insignificant effect of pressing pressure was noticed on water swelling property and free-HCHO of MDF panels. Where, both type of fibers have the same water swelling property (reached ~ 10%), and free-HCHO (~ 27 mg/100g board).
medium density fiber-board, date palm components, defibration process, thermal behaviour, UF-fibers interaction, strength properties, water resistance property
Published online 4/20/2019, 20 pages
Copyright © 2019 by the author(s)
Published under license by Materials Research Forum LLC., Millersville PA, USA
Citation: Abdel-Baset A. Adam, Altaf H. Basta, Houssni El-Saied, Evaluation of Palm Fiber Components as Alternative Biomass Wastes for Medium Density Fiberboard Manufacturing, Materials Research Proceedings, Vol. 11, pp 113-132, 2019
The article was published as article 7 of the book By-Products of Palm Trees and Their Applications
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