Application of Date Palm Trees Mulch as a Bedding Material for Dry Heifers, Part 2 –Preparing the Bedding Materials
A.O. Elashhab, M.W. Sadik, M.K. Zahrandownload PDF
Abstract. Date palm trees mulch can be safely and effectively used as a bedding material for cow feedlots. Feedlot managers will need to adjust bedding rates according to facilities, environment, and cow comfort. Feedlot managers interested in using date palm trees mulch as bedding will recognize that absorbency of date palm trees mulch is lower than that of sand. However, utilizing of date palm trees mulch eliminates costs of harvesting sand. A total power consumption for horizontal grinder machine, grapple to loading the grinding machine and loader for handling mulch material. Were 468 kW/h, specific energy was 46.8 kW/ton and 7.49 kW/m3. Total Power consumption to preparing the barn to use mulch bedding material for m3 were 7.84 kW/m3 every day and 78.4 kW/m3 after finish experimental time 10 days. Total cost for using date palm trees mulch as a bedding every 10 days were 3180.0 SR/m. Total cost for traditional manure management every 10 days were 3180.0 SR every 10 days for all operation
date palm trees mulch, bedding material, cow manure, dry heifers, mechanical preparing bedding, waste recycling, compost
Published online 4/20/2019, 17 pages
Copyright © 2019 by the author(s)
Published under license by Materials Research Forum LLC., Millersville PA, USA
Citation: A.O. Elashhab, M.W. Sadik, M.K. Zahran, Application of Date Palm Trees Mulch as a Bedding Material for Dry Heifers, Part 2 –Preparing the Bedding Materials, Materials Research Proceedings, Vol. 11, pp 169-185, 2019
The article was published as article 12 of the book By-Products of Palm Trees and Their Applications
Content from this work may be used under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 licence. Any further distribution of this work must maintain attribution to the author(s) and the title of the work, journal citation and DOI.
 A.E. Suliman, G.E.M. Nasr, W.M.I. Adawy, Energy requirements for land preparation of peas crop under Egyption conditions, Misr. J. Agric. 10-2 (1993) 190-206
 A.C. Lenkaitis, Dairy Freestall Manure Collection and Transfer Systems: Energy and Operational Comparisons, Oral Presentation, Louisville, Kentucky, American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers 1111819 (2011).
 A.C. Lenkaitis, MANURE COLLECTION AND TRANSFER SYSTEMS IN LIVESTOCK OPERATIONS WITH DIGESTERS, GEA Farm Technologies Inc. (Houle USA), Naperville, 2012.
 APHA American Public Health Association, Compendium of methods for the microbiological examination of foods Pub. 3rd edition, 1992.
 Charles Fulhage, Joe Harner , Solid Manure Collection and Handling Systems America’s land-grant universities enabled by eXtension.org, 2015.
 Donnell Hunt, Farm Power and Machinery Management, Iowa State University Press, 1983, pp. 28 – 29.
 E.M. Shane, M. Endres, D.G. Johnson, J.K. Reneau, Bedding options for an alternative housing system for dairy cows: A descriptive study: Applied Engineering in Agriculture 26-4 (2010) 659-666. https://doi.org/10.13031/2013.32062
 H.K. House, Sand-Laden Manure Handling and Storage, OMAFRA, www.omafra.gov.on.ca, 2010.
 J.G. Davis, T.L. Stanton, T. Haren, Feedlot Manure Management no. 1.220,Colorado State University Cooperative Extension. 5-97(1997).
 J.I. Sprague, Fly Control: Manure Clean-up, Feedlot Magazine, 2013.
 K.A. Janni, M.I. Endres, J.K. Reneau, W.W. Schoper, Compost barns: An alternative dairy housing system in Minnesota, ASABE Annual International Meeting 9 -12 July 2006, American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers, 2006. https://doi.org/10.13031/2013.20909
 K.A. Janni, M.I. Endres, J.K. Reneau, W.W. Schoper, Compost Dairy Barn Layout and Management Recommendations- Applied Engineering in Agriculture, American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers 23-1 (2007) 97-102. https://doi.org/10.13031/2013.22333
 MWPS. Dairy Freestall Housing and Equipment, 7th ed., Iowa State Univ., Ames., 2000.
 New York State Cattle Health Assurance Bedding Materials and Udder Health, Fact Sheet, Program Mastitis Module, 2008.
 NRCS manure transfer, code 634, natural resources conservation service, conservation practice standard, 2006.
 A. Oida, Using personal computer for agricultural machinery management, Kyoto University, Japan, JICA publishing, 1997.
 M.W. Sadik, A.O. Al Ashhab, M.K. Zahran, F.M. Alsaqan, Composting mulch of date palm trees through microbial activator in Saudi Arabia International Journal of Biochemistry and Biotechnology, Available online at http://internationalscholarsjournals, 1-5 (2012) 156-161.
 Stephen Herbert, Masoud Hashemi, Carrie Chickering‐Sears, Sarah Weis, Factsheets, UMass Extension Crops, Dairy, Livestock, www.umass.edu/cdl, 2008.
 S.Y. Wong, S.S. Lin, Composts as soil supplement enhances plant growth and fruit quality of straw berry, J. Plant Nutr., 25 (2002) 2243-2259. https://doi.org/10.1081/pln-120014073
 W.G. Bickert, Ventilation: The Merck Veterinary Manual, 9th ed., Merck & Co., Whitehouse Station, 2005, pp. 1609-1702.
 S.Y. Wong, S.S. Lin, Composts as soil supplement enhances plant growth and fruit quality of straw berry, J. Plant Nutr., 25 (2006) 2243-2259.