Solar Cell Technology

100 Cummings Center, Suite 440C, Beverly, MA 01915, USA

At Applied Photophysics, we are committed to progress. Everything we do is done because we believe it will make a difference, that in the hands of our customers, it will advance scientific knowledge and understanding, and have a wider societal impact. We challenge entrenched views, encourage fresh ideas and incorporate the best of them in our products.
Since its creation in 1971 by The Royal Institution of Great Britain under the leadership of Nobel Prize-winning Lord Porter, Applied Photophysics has remained at the forefront of the technologies of circular dichroism, stopped-flow kinetics and laser flash photolysis.

Instruments:
Quantitative Circular Dichroism: qCD
Stopped-Flow Spectrometry
Laser Flash Photolysis

Polymer Applications:
Interest in conjugated polymers used in e.g. photovoltaic cells has grown over recent years and there is considerable interest in advancing organic photovoltaic devices (OPV) by systematic optimisation of device processing conditions and development of new materials. The use of laser flash photolysis in the near infrared region allows direct monitoring of photogenerated charges.
Charge photogeneration at donor/acceptor heterojunctions is the basis of the function of organic solar cells. Extensive attempts are currently being made to improve OPVs. A clear understanding of OPVs is crucial for systematic optimisation of processing conditions and the choice and development of materials employed. A blend of P3HT and PCBM is involved in one of the highest efficiency solar cells to date. The yield and lifetime of the generated charges can be measured using transient absorbance spectroscopy.

https://www.photophysics.com/
Tel: +1 978 473 7477
Arradiance, LLC, Sudbury MA, USA
142 North Rd., Ste. F-150, Sudbury, MA 01776, USA

Founded in 2003, Arradiance® combines unique talents in material science, charged particle physics, equipment design, modeling, simulation, vacuum technology, and metrology providing world class application of Atomic Layer Deposition(ALD) and Plasma Enhanced Deposition(PEALD) to the GEMStar XT product line.

With a concentration in Atomic Layer Deposition, charged particle physics and amplification, Arradiance is the first to develop and demonstrate the capability of producing high gain, low noise, and long life micro channel amplifiers. Using Atomic Layer Deposition (ALD) materials and equipment, Arradiance offers a new approach to electron amplification devices replacing the legacy traditional lead-glass/hydrogen firing process developed in 1960’s currently used for all state-of-the-art MCP applications.

Arradiance Atomic Layer Deposition (ALD) technology enables research in many areas:
MCP (Micro Channel Plate) Electron Amplification
Catalysis Systems
Medical Imaging
Space Sciences
Solar Cells
Night Vision
Alternative Energy
Thermal and Fast Neutron Detection

http://www.arradiance.com
19 Shea Way, Newark, DE 19713 , USA

Since B&W Tek’s establishment in 1997, we’ve grown into an industry-leading, total solutions provider coupling our core technologies with custom design and manufacturing capabilities. We are an advanced instrumentation company producing optical spectroscopy and laser instrumentation, as well as laboratory, portable and handheld Raman spectrometer systems. Since our inception, we’ve been providing Raman spectroscopy, modular spectrometer and laser solutions for the pharmaceutical, biomedical, physical, chemical, LED lighting and research communities.

With an extensive variety of products and accessories, we’re able to take an assortment of ready-to-use, off-the-shelf modular components and combine them to form your complete spectroscopy solution. Countless applications can be performed by combining any variety of our lasers, spectrometers, sampling accessories, and software packages – all which are designed and built by our own staff. This commitment to vertical integration has made B&W Tek an industry leading OEM/OED provider of laser, Raman and NIR systems.

B&W Tek is the worldwide leader in Raman spectrometer manufacturing with over 10,000 spectroscopy solutions delivered. Our complete line of high performance laboratory, portable and handheld Raman spectrometers sets us apart with solutions for the classroom to the research lab to the loading dock. Our extensive knowledge and cutting edge technology in the field of Raman spectroscopy has allowed us to focus on solution-oriented products that are designed for non-specialists and provide easy, rapid measurements in a matter of minutes.

B&W Tek boasts one of the most comprehensive lines of UV, Vis and NIR spectrometer modules on the market. Combined with our wide selection of spectroscopy accessories, B&W Tek offers you nearly limitless utility. Some of the most common applications of modular spectroscopy include reflectance, absorption, transmission and emission. All of our UV, Vis, and NIR spectrometers can also be configured to measure absolute irradiance, making them ideal for LED and solar applications. We also boast the smallest TE Cooled linear CCD array spectrometer on the market, ideal for your applications that require low light level detection and long integration, such as Raman and fluorescence.

We also feature a unique array of NIR and broadband fiber coupled spectrophotometers offering spectral coverage from as low as 350nm to as high as 2550nm. By coupling these visible and NIR spectrophotometers with various sampling accessories, they can be configured for a variety of applications such as transmission, reflected color and NIR vibrational spectroscopy.

Innovative solutions for your application needs
B&W Tek is an advanced instrumentation company producing optical spectroscopy and laser instrumentation, as well as laboratory, portable and handheld Raman systems. We provide spectroscopy and laser solutions for the pharmaceutical, biomedical, physical, chemical, LED lighting and research communities.

http://bwtek.com/
Fax: (302) 368-7830
100 Indel Avenue, Rancocas, NJ 08073-0156, USA

Consarc is an Inductotherm Group Company with over 40 years of technical experience specializing in design, and manufacture of a wide range of advanced vacuum and controlled atmosphere furnaces for the processing of metals, specialty alloys, and engineered materials. These furnaces include:
Vacuum Arc Remelting (VAR)
Electroslag Remelting (ESR)
Vacuum Induction Melting (VIM)
Vacuum Precision Investment Casting (VPIC)
Induction Skull Melting (ISM)
Induction Vacuum Ladle (IVL)
Vacuum Brazing
Vacuum De-Oiling
Vacuum Heating
Vacuum Furnaces for melting and solidifying solar grade silicon
Custom Designed Vacuum and Controlled Atmosphere Furnaces to suit unique processes and applications

http://www.consarc.com/
355 South Technology Drive, Central Islip, NY 11722, USA

CVD Equipment Corporation designs, develops, and manufactures process equipment solutions for R&D, pilot, and production applications. Our products include a complete array of turnkey solutions such as chemical vapor deposition systems, gas & liquid delivery cabinets, gas panels, and related gas abatement systems. CVD Equipment Corporation’s headquarters and application laboratory are located on Long Island, New York, USA:

Designs, develops, and manufactures: custom and standard Chemical Vapor Deposition systems.
Recognized leader: a key equipment provider to industry; blue-chip companies; innovative startups; leading university, industrial, and government research laboratories for over 30 years.
Proprietary edge: a significant library of homegrown solutions and know-how for intricate processes across a broad range of applications in aerospace, medical, semiconductor, solar, glass coating, nanomaterials, superconducting materials, etc.
Vertically integrated: design and manufacturing enables rapid system development. We procure raw materials & components and deliver finished systems.
Turnkey systems: includes instrumentation, process control software, gas delivery, process chambers, vacuum systems, and exhaust abatement equipment.
Application laboratory: product and material development.

https://www.cvdequipment.com/
Tel: +1 631.981.7081
1259 North Church St. Bldg 3, Moorestown, NJ 08057, USA

Denton Vacuum transforms barriers into thin-film technology breakthroughs for customers across the globe in providing vacuum deposition systems. With operations in the United States and China, Denton engineers, designs and develops systems that precision-coat aerospace components, advanced optics, medical implants, solar cells, semiconductor devices and much more. Denton’s technology portfolio includes thermal evaporation, ion beam etching, ion-beam-assisted evaporation, plasma-enhanced-chemical-vapor deposition (PECVD), and ion-beam-assisted deposition (IBAD) and e-beam evaporation and magnetron sputtering system (including reactive sputtering). Denton also provides value-added services and lifetime support that set new industry standards. Fifty years of tireless innovation have produced robust offerings ranging from high-volume production platforms to unique custom-engineered systems.

Techniques
Ion Beam Assisted Deposition
Ion Beam Deposition
Ion Beam Etchning
PECVD
PVD
Magnetron Sputtering
Reactive Beam Etch
Sputtering
Thermal Evaporation

http://www.dentonvacuum.com
6416 Inducon Dr. West, Sanborn, NY 14132, USA

Edwards is a leading developer and manufacturer of sophisticated vacuum products, abatement solutions and related value-added services. Our products are integral to manufacturing processes for semiconductors, flat panel displays, LEDs and solar cells; are used within an increasingly diverse range of industrial processes including power, glass and other coating applications, steel and other metallurgy, pharmaceutical and chemical; and for both scientific instruments and a wide range of R&D applications.

Products include:
High Vacuum Pump Products for Research & Development Laboratories: We offer a broad range of vacuum products to meet the challenges of today’s research and development laboratories. Collaboration with major scientific instrument manufacturers, universities and major research institutes ensures a deep understanding of research and the role that vacuum plays. Our focus on technological advancement in vacuum as well as investment in R&D enables us to develop the innovative products that meet your specific application requirements.
Laboratory Vacuum Pumps & Gauging Technology for Scientific Instrument Applications:
We are a technology leader in the manufacture of vacuum pumps, gauging and systems with products specifically designed to meet the evolving challenges of new techniques and more cost effective instruments. Using leading edge vacuum technology, our high quality vacuum pumps and controllers provide a clean vacuum environment with enhanced performance and excellent reliability.

Vacuum Pump Systems:
For Manufacturers of Microelectronic Devices, including Semiconductors, Edwards offers a unique range of equipment solutions, support services and technical expertise to meet application needs in the manufacture of microelectronic devices, including silicon and compound semiconductors

http://www.edwardsvacuum.com
Fax: (866) 484-5218
Two Technology Place, East Syracuse, NY 13057-9714, USA

INFICON is a leading provider of innovative instrumentation, critical sensor technologies, and advanced process control software that enhance productivity and quality in sophisticated industrial vacuum processes. These analysis, measurement and control products are essential for gas leak detection in air conditioning/refrigeration and automotive manufacturing. They are vital to equipment manufacturers and end-users in the complex fabrication of semiconductors and thin film coatings for optics, flat panel displays, solar cells and industrial vacuum coating applications. Other users of our vacuum-based processes include the life sciences, research, aerospace, packaging, heat treatment, laser cutting and many other industrial processes. We also leverage our expertise in vacuum technology to provide unique, toxic chemical analysis products for emergency response, security, and environmental health and safety.

INFICON is headquartered in Switzerland and has world-class manufacturing facilities in Europe, the United States and China, as well as subsidiaries in China, Finland, France, Germany, India, Italy, Japan, Korea, Liechtenstein, Singapore, Sweden, Switzerland, Taiwan, the United Kingdom and the United States.

http://www.inficon.com/
200 River’s Edge Drive, Medford, MA 02155, USA

Labthink is a multinational technology company that is devoted to helping customers succeed, employees grow and brands gain respect. The headquarters of Labthink is in Jinan, China; its international headquarters is in Boston, USA; and its SAC IT Center is in Hong Kong, China. The company has more than 50 international distributors and more than 30 international service providers.

Labthink has taken the lead in proposing and drafting more than 10 national standards and has been granted more than 100 patents. Those standards and patents range from property testing for plastics, transmission methods for original data generated in testing to business mode for third-party laboratories and many other advanced technological and business areas.

Applications include:
select a test application to learn the relevant products
Adhesives
Automotive Non-metal Materials
Battery Separators
Boxes & Cartons
Building Waterproofing Materials
Composite Films
Films & Foils
Leather
Nonwovens
OLED Monitor Films
Paper & Paper Board
Printing
Rubber
Separation Membrane
Solar Back Sheet
Textile & Fabric
Contact Lenses

http://www.labthink.com
205 Industrial Avenue East, Lowell, MA 01852, USA

MicroSense, LLC, previously known as ADE Technologies, is comprised of three primary businesses – precision capacitive sensors, vibrating sample magnetometers and magneto-optical Kerr effect (MOKE) tools for state-of-the-art magnetic measurement and wafer measurment systems. Until the company was sold in November, 2009, we were a subsidiary of KLA-Tencor Corporation, a leading global supplier of semiconductor wafer defect inspection and metrology tools. MicroSense serves a host of industries including semiconductor equipment, data storage, machine tool, solar, automotive and high brightness LED.
MicroSense provides capacitive sensors and OEM metrology modules, based on patented capacitive sensing technology, to make very precise, high bandwidth measurements of precision products such as solar wafers, sapphire wafers, hard disk drive motors, air bearing spindles, precision X-Y stages, optical disks, automotive parts and machine tools. Our capacitive displacement sensors provide the highest resolution in the industry, less than 0.05 nanometers, exceptional stability and virtually unlimited service life.
MicroSense offers high-sensitivity wafer measurement tools for characterizing sapphire, silicon carbide and various types of semiconductor wafers. MicroSense acquired SigmaTech, Inc. of Tempe, Arizona in June, 2012. With this acquisition, MicroSense added leading-edge wafer inspection tools to its portfolio of innovative metrology solutions. SigmaTech systems integrate multiple sensing technologies such as optical spectrometry, interferometry and SigmaTech’s patented auto-positioning back pressure (APBP) technology.

Products:
Capacitive Sensors
Solar Wafer Thickness Metrology
Vibrating Sample Magnetometer VSM
Magnetic Metrology
Dimensional Wafer Metrology Systems

http://www.microsense.net