Porosity

415 Clyde Avenue, Suite 102, Mountain View, CA 94043, USA

AppNano develops, manufactures, and supplies various nanostructures including both conventional and specialized SPM probes for most applications. We leverage our extensive experience in nanofabrication technology and research in AFM probes to supply the highest quality probes utilizing the latest technology in the market. Our in-house clean room facility combined with our state-of-the-art characterization tools enables rapid prototyping, adaptability, and versatility in designing and developing new products for our customers.

In addition to providing you with our standard catalog of products, major research programs are continuously underway both in-house and with external collaborators or customers to develop high performance probes and accessories for advanced SPM applications. Our experienced R&D Team takes pride in using our knowledge in silicon nanofabrication technology to realize these new ideas

Products
SPM Probes
Calibration standards
Membranes
Nanopores
Vertisense Thermal Microscopy Module
STM Tip Etcher

Services
Custom MEMS & Nanofabrication
Characterization & Metrology
Custom Probe Mounting

http://www.appnano.com
Elcometer, Inc., Rochester Hills MI, USA
1893 Rochester Industrial Drive,, Rochester Hills, MI 48309, USA

For more than sixty five years Elcometer has been a world leader in the design, manufacture and supply of inspection equipment to the coatings, concrete and metal detection industry.
Ever since the first Elcometer gauge was manufactured in 1947, our philosophy has been to provide industry leading, innovative, high quality products; supported by a best-in-class customer experience at a competitive price. By concentrating on these core values, Elcometer has grown into a global network with representation in over 70 countries.
With a range of products specifically developed to meet the needs of the coatings industry, Elcometer is well positioned to provide you with the solution to your inspection requirements – whatever and wherever they might be.

Coating Inspection:
Surface Cleanliness and Profile
Moisture & Corrosion
RH, Dewpoint & Temperature
Oven Temperature Profile
Wet Film & Powder Thickness
Dry Film Thickness
Material Thickness
Precision Thickness
Adhesion Testers
Pinhole & Porosity
Accessories

Physical Test Equipment:
Fineness of Grind
Density
Viscosity
Flow Gauges
Film Application
Drying Time & Permeability
Washability & Abrasion
Hardness & Scratch
Elasticity & Deformation
Flash Point

www.elcometer.com
750 Marshall Phelps Road, Windsor, CT 06095, USA

Fischer Technology, a member of the HELMUT FISCHER GROUP, began manufacturing Fischer products in Windsor, CT in 1979 and has a strong commitment to continuously improve the quality of our products and services. Fischer is registered to ISO 9001:2008 and is responsible for sales, production, technical support and service for the United States, Canada and Mexico with multiple service centers around the country. This type of service is unmatched in the industry for coating thickness, material testing, material analysis and micro-hardness measurement applications.

The Fischer product line comprises of a broad spectrum of measuring and analysis instruments for the most diverse applications and industries. The appropriate measurement methods are used for correct results yielding optimum precision. Whether magnetic induction or eddy current, beta-backscatter, coulometric, micro hardness or x-ray fluorescence – Fischer has the suitable technology.

Coating Thickness Measurements:
Whether painted or electroplated, applied to magnetic or non-magnetic materials – you will find the appropriate instrument for precise coating thickness measurements in our large product portfolio.
Electromagnetic methods: Pocket gauges, Handheld gauges, Benchtop units, Probes
X-ray fluorescence method
Coulometric method
Beta-backscattering method
Micro-resistance method

X-ray fluorescence instruments for material analysis:
For exact material analysis, the broad assortment of Fischer X-ray fluorescence instruments (XRF) offers the optimal instrument for any application. Trace analysis required by RoHS, testing of jewelry and gold or inline measurements in continuous production – FISCHERSCOPE X-RAY instruments fulfil the requirements in the laboratory and in manufacturing.

Microhardness measuring instruments :
Industry demands that surfaces and coatings are engineered to be very hard, extremely thin or visco-elastic thus requiring powerful measurement methods and systems.
Fischer provides quick, precise and effective measurements of mechanical properties (hardness, modulus, creep, etc.) of micro and nano scale coatings, components, cross-sections, treated and modified surfaces.

Material Testing:
The measurement technology of Fischer is sought after and proven when the quality of weld seams is measured in steel constructions or the sealing is determined on anodized facades. This is also true when the coatings are tested on tanks or airplane aluminum structures for fatigue.
Ferrite content measuring instrument
Sealing quality test instrument
Conductivity measuring instrument
Porosity testing

www.fischer-technology.com
Industriestraße 21, D-71069 Sindelfingen-Maichingen, Germany

FISCHER is a leading specialist in solutions for coating thickness measurement, material analysis, microhardness and material testing. The company was founded in 1953 by Helmut Fischer

Over 20 per cent of the staff at Fischer in Germany is working in the Research & Development department. Highly qualified engineers, scientists and graduates specialized in physics, chemistry, electronics, technical engineering and informatics are permanently working on new products and techniques. FISCHER develops all products for world markets in Germany and cooperates with universities and research institutes.

Coating Thickness:
Whether painted or electroplated, applied to magnetic or non-magnetic materials – you will find the appropriate instrument for precise coating thickness measurements in our large product portfolio.
Electromagnetic methods: Pocket gauges, Handheld gauges, Benchtop units, Probes
X-ray fluorescence method
Coulometric method
Beta-backscattering method
Micro-resistance method

Material Analysis:
For exact material analysis, the broad assortment of Fischer X-ray fluorescence instruments (XRF) offers the optimal instrument for any application.
Trace analysis required by RoHS, testing of jewelry and gold or inline measurements in continuous production – FISCHERSCOPE X-RAY instruments fulfil the requirements in the laboratory and in manufacturing.
Microhardness:
Industry demands that surfaces and coatings are engineered to be very hard, extremely thin or visco-elastic thus requiring powerful measurement methods and systems.
Fischer provides quick, precise and effective measurements of mechanical properties (hardness, modulus, creep, etc.) of micro and nano scale coatings, components, cross-sections, treated and modified surfaces.

Material Testing:
The measurement technology of Fischer is sought after and proven when the quality of weld seams is measured in steel constructions or the sealing is determined on anodized facades. This is also true when the coatings are tested on tanks or airplane aluminum structures for fatigue.
Ferrite content measuring instrument
Sealing quality test instrument
Conductivity measuring instrument
Porosity testing

www.helmut-fischer.de/
4356 Communications Drive, Norcross, GA 30093-2901, USA

Micromeritics Analytical Services – The Particle Testing Authority specializes in the characterization of fine powders and solid materials. Specifically we are experienced in providing particle size analysis, surface area and gas adsorption services, poresize and porevolume measurements, density determinations, and chemical adsorption services. We are a DEA-licensed, FDA-registered, cGMP/GLP-compliant contract analytical laboratory

With over 50 years of experience in the particle technology field, we are well equipped to characterize your samples. We offer quick sample turnaround and superior customer service including strict confidentiality of data. All samples undergo a rigorous review of results to ensure that you receive the best results possible.

http://www.micromeritics.com
1900 Corporate Drive, Boynton Beach, FL 33426, USA

Quantachrome’s mission is to develop and produce scientific instruments for the characterization of porous materials and powders reflecting the highest standards of quality and dependability.

For over 45 years, Quantachrome has designed revolutionary analytical laboratory instruments for material characterization laboratories. Our instrumentation is used in leading industrial and research laboratories for the analysis of powder and porous materials’ surface area, density, pore size, pore size distribution, and specific gas and vapor interactions. These physical properties are essential qualities of battery and fuel cell materials, heterogeneous catalysts, hierarchical catalysts, graphene, MOF (metal organic frameworks), pharmaceutical powders, ceramics, carbons, zeolites, advanced mesoporous and microporous materials, biomaterials, foam materials, pigments, and food products.

Quantachrome Instruments offers a wide range of fully automated gas, vapor and water sorption analyzers, gas displacement pycnometers, flow chemisorption analyzers, physisorption analyzers, expulsion porometers, intrusion porosimeters, mercury porosimeters, capillary flow porometers, and tap density analyzers. We also offer rotary rifflers for representative sampling of powders and granules.

We have an unwavering commitment to providing state of the art technology, and unparalleled superior customer service and support. Our commitment to customers is to support you before, during, and after the sale throughout the lifetime of our instrument,

www.quantachrome.com
Fax: 1-561-732-9888
6355 Corte Del Abeto, Suite C-105, Carlsbad, CA 92011, USA

SCI is a world leader in providing high resolution thin-film metrology systems and analysis software products to leading companies in the semiconductor, optoelectronics, data storage, display, MEMS, and optical coating industries. SCI is a privately held company headquartered in Carlsbad, California, with a global network of sales, service, and support offices strategically located in the United Kingdom, Germany, Taiwan, Singapore, Korea, and Japan.

Metrology Products:
Spectroscopic Ellipsometers
Reflectometers
Multiple Angle Reflectometers
Generalized Ellipsometry for Optical CD Measurement

Software Products

Applications:
FilmTek™ metrology systems can measure a broad array of single and multi-layer films including metallic, semiconductor, amorphous, crystalline, and dielectric materials on virtually any substrate. FilmTek™ can simultaneously determine:

Multiple layer thicknesses (from <1Å to 250 microns)
Indices of refraction (both TE and TM components of index)
Extinction (absorption) coefficients
Birefringence
Energy band gap
Surface roughness and damage
Porosity, composition, and crystallinity (EMA model)
Film properties versus temperature
Wafer curvature and film stress

www.sci-soft.com/
40 McCullough Drive, New Castle, DE 19720, USA

The TMI Group of Companies is a multi-national organization that manufactures and markets physical property testing instruments focused on the packaging, paper, pulp, plastic film, foil, ink, coatings, nonwovens, adhesives, and corrugated industries.

The TMI Group has a network of sales and service offices and agents throughout the United States and in over 50 countries, providing service and calibration to customers worldwide.
The company headquarters is located in New Castle, Delaware, USA, in a state-of-the-art green energy building which features 160 solar panels, geo-thermal heating and cooling, and LED lighting.

Products (by Test Property):
Abrasion
Adhesion
Bending / Folding / Stiffness
Burst Strength
Coefficient of Friction (CoF) and Slip
Compressive Strength
Contact Angle
Density and Specific Gravity
Freeness & Beating
Hardness
Heat Sealing
Hot Tack Seal
Impact Testers
Ink Rub
Internal Bond
Melt Flow Index
Optical Properties
Peel and Release Strength
Permeability
Porosity
Printability
Probe Tack
Roughness
Smoothness
Softness
Stiffness
Strength
Tear
Tensile Strength / Stress / Strain
Thickness Testers
Viscosity

www.testingmachines.com