Friction/Wear

300 Below Inc., Decatur IL, USA
2999 E. Parkway Dr., Decatur, IL 62526, USA
Through the employment of ultra-low temperatures, 300 Below, Inc. helps its customers improve all kinds of products by realigning the molecular structure of an object, optimally resulting in items which last significantly longer and perform far better than they were previously designed. Our proprietary process uses Deep Cryogenic Tempering, for which we have developed an advanced, computer controlled processing system for reliably treating materials used in multiple industries throughout the world. 300 Below specializes in the science of cryogenics and we engineer various liquid nitrogen (LN2) based cooling and freezing systems to perform what is termed as cryogenic processing.

Through the employment of ultra-low temperatures, 300 Below, Inc. helps its customers improve all kinds of products by realigning the molecular structure of an object, optimally resulting in items which last significantly longer and perform far better than they were previously designed. Our proprietary process uses Deep Cryogenic Tempering, for which we have developed an advanced, computer controlled processing system for reliably treating materials used in multiple industries throughout the world. 300 Below specializes in the science of cryogenics and we engineer various liquid nitrogen (LN2) based cooling and freezing systems to perform what is termed as cryogenic processing.
As our company name implies, we treat metal components and parts at minus 300 degrees Fahrenheit to improve their properties. Computer technology allows us to regulate temperatures to 1/10th of a degree, accurately adjusting temperatures optimal for proper cryogenic treatment (or Cryo-Treatment) in accordance with the mass of the object we are treating. By reducing the temperature of an object to around -300ºF, we seek to manipulate and rearrange its molecular structure without damaging the item. By rearranging the molecular structure of an object, and realigning the molecules so that they become more uniform and evenly spread out, we then change various properties associated with the object, such as its wear resistance.
Perhaps the easiest way to understand what actually happens during the process is to picture a group of people walking around a shopping mall. We take these individuals (the molecules) and cram them into one huddled mass in the parking lot (the freezing process) and hold them there for multiple hours. We then tell this group to take one step out, one at a time, (the thawing process) so that they become equidistant from one another. Depending on the product, we may also add various stages of heat treatment using ovens that we maintain in-house to conquer various other stress factors which we seek to eliminate.
Deep Cryogenic Tempering allows for a significant increase in abrasive wear resistance and durability for many metal-based objects. There are also a few other materials which benefit from the process and we’re always experimenting with companies around the globe to see if we can help improve all sorts of products. The increases we’ve seen in tensile strength, toughness and stability may couple with the release of internal residual stresses for different components, and some metals respond better than others. The typical end results observed by our clients include increased product life, increased durability, reduced breakage, easier cleaning abilities, and some very specific enhancements that are dependent entirely upon the project. Many changes are dependent upon the type of steel or metal used in a product, in addition to how a product was formed or created.

http://www.300below.com/
Anton Paar USA Inc., Ashland VA, USA
10215 Timber Ridge Dr., Ashland, VA 23005, USA
Anton Paar TriTec SA (previously CSM Instruments) has been leader in the development of instruments for surface mechanical properties characterization for over 30 years in both research and industrial fields.

Compression Presses

Anton Paar TriTec SA (previously CSM Instruments) has been leader in the development of instruments for surface mechanical properties characterization for over 30 years in both research and industrial fields.
CSM Instruments develops, manufactures and sells instruments to characterize mechanical properties of surfaces. We have been the world leader in this market for more than 30 years, first under the name of LSRH then CSEM.
CSM Instruments provides equipment that allows the mechanical characterization of a wide range of surfaces and bulk materials. Adhesion of paints, optical thin films or hard coatings can be defined using one of our Scratch Testers. These span the nano to the macro range to analyze the widest range of materials. Dynamic testing measurements can be performed to define not only the hardness of the material, but also to evaluate the plastic and elastic deformation, the elasticity module, creep and much more. For wear testing we offer the Tribometer, based on the pin-on-disc principle that operates both in the Micro and Nano regime; to record the frictional coefficient and measure the wear volume. Other equipment measures film thickness. Additionally, CSM provides three dimensional viewing capabilities of sample surfaces under most testing regimes.

Products
Indentation Testers
Scratch Test
Tribometer
Coating Thickness by Calotest
3D Imaging
Horology

http://www.csm-instruments.com/en/
Kett, Villa Park CA, USA
PMB 504, 17853 Santiago Blvd. Ste. 107
Villa Park, CA 92861
Instant measurement instruments for process control, QC and laboratory use.

Kett was started by four engineers in 1946. After initially introducing a wood moisture tester and metal detector, it was their vision to design and manufacture portable handheld moisture analyzers. The goal was to provide a rice farmer with the same level of measurement quality available within government test labs. As is still true today, the customer depended on the accuracy of this measurement and the reliability of his instrument to standardize the quality of his harvested rice product. This standardization would provide him with an optimal harvest yield, maximizing his return on investment.
After the successful introduction of the Riceter, which is still the standard for portable rice moisture testing, the Kett development staff expanded into Coating Thickness Gauges for the emerging Japanese automobile industry. In addition, they quickly released additional moisture testers for other agricultural applications and infrared Moisture Balances for general purpose moisture analyses.
Awards for instrument design and performance followed shortly after and continue to this day.
Today our focus is moisture and organic composition analysis, coating thickness measurement, friction, wear, peel, adhesion and other surface property analyses, rice quality instrumentation and other agricultural test instruments for the grain and seed marketplace.

www.kett.com
1-714-974-8837
Taber Industries, Materials Test & Measurement Div., North Tonawanda NY, USA
455 Bryant Street, North Tonawanda, NY 14120, USA

Taber Industries’ Materials Test and Measurement Division is a global leader for the design and manufacture of high quality, affordable test instruments. Used to evaluate the physical properties of materials, Taber instruments play a critical role in the way companies test the durability of their products. Best known for our expertise in abrasion and surface wear, Taber also offers solutions to measure resistance to scratch, mar and scuff damage; along with bending resiliency and stiffness.

Products:
Wear/Abrasion
Scratch/MAR
Bending/Stiffness
Optical Micrometer

www.taberindustries.com
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AEP Technology. Santa Clara CA, USA
1900 Wyatt Dr., Suite 17, Santa Clara, CA 95054, USA
AEP is the world leader in surface metrology and technology innovation. From its inception it has developed cutting edge instruments to aid researchers and users. As the pioneers of innovation in hi tech engineering, it has grown steadily in worldwide markets. Currently it has offices in America, Asia and Europe.

AEP is the world leader in surface metrology and technology innovation. From its inception it has developed cutting edge instruments to aid researchers and users. As the pioneers of innovation in hi tech engineering, it has grown steadily in worldwide markets. Currently it has offices in America, Asia and Europe.
In addition to manufacturing optical profiler, interferometer and contact profilometer AEP also produces ex-situ and in-situ stress monitors for thin film deposition processes. Please contact us for any questions. Our team of scientists from silicon valley are always excited to answer your questions and help solve your problems.
Applications:
Step heights measurement
Surface Roughness measurement
Quantify scratch and dig features, wear depth, width and volume
Flatness or curvature measurement
2D thin film stress measurement
Film thickness
Surface Profiling – defect, features etc. depth, width and volume
Hardness
Wear Lubricity
Scratch
Roughness
Friction
Adhesion
Defectivity
Fatigue
Durability
Creep Cracks
Tensile
Stress
Indent
Delamination
Elasticity
Modulus

http://www.aeptechnology.com/
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Angstrom Engineering Inc, Kitchener, Ontario, Canada
91 Trillium Drive, Kitchener, Ontario N2E 1W8, Canada

Angstrom Engineering was founded in 1992 and has quickly grown into a unique international company with a reputation for providing high-quality machines and unparalleled customer service. Our PVD (Physical Vapor Deposition), and CVD (Chemical Vapor Deposition) systems are created by our skilled and experienced engineering team. We are proud to manufacture the tools that allow a wide variety of researchers and development teams in world-class labs across the globe to innovate new technologies.
All of our products are designed and assembled on-site by our engineers, technologists, and technicians. We provide ready access to our engineering team, so you can speak directly to someone with many years of experience if you need help to identify the correct system for your lab, have any questions or need support with your system at any point after purchase.
The PVD, CVD and other vacuum systems created by Angstrom Engineering offer a wide variety of applications for thin film deposition technology, 2D material research such as graphene and nanotubes, as well as plant growth, and space simulation.
Our partners do research and technology development in everything from renewable energy, organic electronics, and flat panel displays, to magnetic storage, decorative coatings, photonics, spintronics, quantum dots, low and high orbit space equipment, and various optical and tribological applications.

angstromengineering.com
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Anton Paar TriTec, Peseux, Switzerland
Gare 4, Galileo Center, Peseux 2034, Switzerland

Anton Paar TriTec SA (previously CSM Instruments) has been leader in the development of instruments for surface mechanical properties characterization for over 30 years in both research and industrial fields.
CSM Instruments develops, manufactures and sells instruments to characterize mechanical properties of surfaces. We have been the world leader in this market for more than 30 years, first under the name of LSRH then CSEM.
CSM Instruments provides equipment that allows the mechanical characterization of a wide range of surfaces and bulk materials. Adhesion of paints, optical thin films or hard coatings can be defined using one of our Scratch Testers. These span the nano to the macro range to analyze the widest range of materials. Dynamic testing measurements can be performed to define not only the hardness of the material, but also to evaluate the plastic and elastic deformation, the elasticity module, creep and much more. For wear testing we offer the Tribometer, based on the pin-on-disc principle that operates both in the Micro and Nano regime; to record the frictional coefficient and measure the wear volume. Other equipment measures film thickness. Additionally, CSM provides three dimensional viewing capabilities of sample surfaces under most testing regimes.

Products
Indentation Testers
Scratch Test
Tribometer
Coating Thickness by Calotest
3D Imaging
Horology

http://www.csm-instruments.com
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ApNano Materials, New York NY, USA
22 W. 38th Street, New York, NY 10018-6262, USA

NanoMaterials Ltd. (Apnano) was established in 2002 and after its acquisition in 2013 became a fully owned subsidiary of the leading American company Nanotech Industrial Solutions, Inc. (NIS). NanoMaterials specializes in development and production of inorganic, multi-layered nanofullerenes and nanotubes, based on exclusively patented platform technology developed at the Weizmann Institute of Science.
These tungsten disulfide (WS2) based nanomaterials opened up new possibilities for developing extreme performance lubricants, coatings and polymer composites. The composition and morphology of these materials create a unique mechanism of friction-induced tribofilm release. The exfoliated nanoparticles attach to working-surfaces, fill in wear crevices and coat working surfaces with a continuous super-lubrication layer. This “surface reconditioning” effect was instrumental in the successful development of NIS’s Corp, award winning NanoLub® family of Extreme Pressure (EP) Anti-Wear (AW) and Anti-Friction (AF) lubrication additives. The Company’s R&D department is involved in extensive research and testing for additional WS2 based applications in the field of lubricants, coatings and polymer composites for such industries as defense, mining and metalworking.

NanoMaterials’ inorganic nano-particles can be incorporated into polymer matrices to increase their strength and fracture toughness, and enhance their tribological and thermal properties.
NanoMaterials’ multi-layered WS? nano-particles tackle one of the key problems of carbon nano-tubes, which is high rates of defects and agglomeration that translate to problematic dispersability.

http://www.apnano.com/
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Carbon Design Innovations , Burlingame CA, USA
1745 Adrian Rd., Suite 20, Burlingame, CA 94010, USA

Designer and manufacturer of probes with carbon nanotube tips for atomic force microscopes.

News:
New CDI FN Series– a new series of CNT probes at a new low price.

CDI FN Series Carbon Nanotube probes capture all the advantages of a CNT tipped probe with no compromises. Extremely high aspect ratios (up to 20:1) Exceptionally long wear (up to 200x longer than silicon/SiN and 50x longer than High-Density, Diamond Like Carbon (HDC/DLC)) and the smallest ROC on the market for a High Aspect Ratio probe (1nm ROC).

Using a CDI patented process, the carbon nanotube AFM probe has been perfected. Straightened carbon nanotubes can deliver the radius of curvature needed for high resolution imaging combined with the tube structure necessary for high topography Imaging. All in a single probe with a useable lifetime up to 200x your standard probes.

www.carbondesigninnovations.com
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Cometech Testing Machines Co., Taichung City, Taiwan
No.49, Ln. 39, Liancun Rd., Fengyuan Dist, Taichung City 42082, Taiwan

Cometech was established in 1994. We always target to strengthen our design and produce ability to provide a better services and high-tech products to our customers. During our infancy, Taiwan market face a sudden change, more and more traditional Taiwan manufacturers start to expand their foreign markets and absorb many experiences by cooperating with foreign companies to improve their services and quality. Based on this situation, Cometech realized that it time for us to face this challenge and modify our attitude. This is the only solution to make us survive in the world. We accumulate abundant experiences by keeping modifying and developing products to not only to satisfy various requirements of traditional industries but also electron industries and precision industries.
Cometech has been growing with customers synchronously. We devote purse high quality product as well. Until 2006, we get OEM contrasts from Europe and America companies who are known for quality seekers. And our agents and distributors are widely spread all over the world. This is means our products earn good reputations and also let foreigner knows that Taiwan-made products can get their recognitions.
Our main product is universal testing machine and abrasion testing machine at the very beginning.
Considering the market demand, we developed impact testers and related instruments in 2001 with our skillful techniques. Furthermore, in 2005, the torsion testers also join our product lines.

In order to provide more choices to customers, we upgrade our machine frame and functions to cater for users needs. Take universal testing machine for example, we develop low-capacity model, horizontal model and high-capacity model and enter into mass production to save cost. Also, we expand our max capacity from 100Kn to 300KN. We will keep develop diversified products in the future to serve more customers.

www.come-tech.com.tw