Cryogenic Technology

300 Below Inc., Decatur IL, USA
2999 E. Parkway Dr., Decatur, IL 62526, USA
Through the employment of ultra-low temperatures, 300 Below, Inc. helps its customers improve all kinds of products by realigning the molecular structure of an object, optimally resulting in items which last significantly longer and perform far better than they were previously designed. Our proprietary process uses Deep Cryogenic Tempering, for which we have developed an advanced, computer controlled processing system for reliably treating materials used in multiple industries throughout the world. 300 Below specializes in the science of cryogenics and we engineer various liquid nitrogen (LN2) based cooling and freezing systems to perform what is termed as cryogenic processing.

Through the employment of ultra-low temperatures, 300 Below, Inc. helps its customers improve all kinds of products by realigning the molecular structure of an object, optimally resulting in items which last significantly longer and perform far better than they were previously designed. Our proprietary process uses Deep Cryogenic Tempering, for which we have developed an advanced, computer controlled processing system for reliably treating materials used in multiple industries throughout the world. 300 Below specializes in the science of cryogenics and we engineer various liquid nitrogen (LN2) based cooling and freezing systems to perform what is termed as cryogenic processing.
As our company name implies, we treat metal components and parts at minus 300 degrees Fahrenheit to improve their properties. Computer technology allows us to regulate temperatures to 1/10th of a degree, accurately adjusting temperatures optimal for proper cryogenic treatment (or Cryo-Treatment) in accordance with the mass of the object we are treating. By reducing the temperature of an object to around -300ºF, we seek to manipulate and rearrange its molecular structure without damaging the item. By rearranging the molecular structure of an object, and realigning the molecules so that they become more uniform and evenly spread out, we then change various properties associated with the object, such as its wear resistance.
Perhaps the easiest way to understand what actually happens during the process is to picture a group of people walking around a shopping mall. We take these individuals (the molecules) and cram them into one huddled mass in the parking lot (the freezing process) and hold them there for multiple hours. We then tell this group to take one step out, one at a time, (the thawing process) so that they become equidistant from one another. Depending on the product, we may also add various stages of heat treatment using ovens that we maintain in-house to conquer various other stress factors which we seek to eliminate.
Deep Cryogenic Tempering allows for a significant increase in abrasive wear resistance and durability for many metal-based objects. There are also a few other materials which benefit from the process and we’re always experimenting with companies around the globe to see if we can help improve all sorts of products. The increases we’ve seen in tensile strength, toughness and stability may couple with the release of internal residual stresses for different components, and some metals respond better than others. The typical end results observed by our clients include increased product life, increased durability, reduced breakage, easier cleaning abilities, and some very specific enhancements that are dependent entirely upon the project. Many changes are dependent upon the type of steel or metal used in a product, in addition to how a product was formed or created.

http://www.300below.com/
ColdEdge Technologies, Allentown PA, USA
Suite 134, 905 Harrison Street, Allentown, PA 18103, USA

ColdEdge Technologies provides custom <4K to 1000K closed cycle cryostats with interfaces. We provide GM & Pulse Tube technologies from SHI Cryogenics of America, Displex®, CTI Cryodyne, CryoMech and other popular closed cycle coolers.
We also supply open cycle flow cryostats that use liquid helium or LN2 as the cooling source. Without the pressure of having to sell our own cryocooler brand, Coldedge can work with the researcher to arrive at the best cryocooler solution for the researchers particular requirements and interface needs.
We supply complete systems with application specific and/or custom vacuum enclosures, radiation shields, sample holders, windows, temperature sensors, heaters, extra experimental wire leads and feed-throughs (UHV, SMA, coax & other), temperature controllers, vacuum pump systems, sample manipulation attachments, low vibration CCR interfaces and many other additional options.
Interfaces with sample in vapor, sample in vacuum, UHV and custom interfaces are available.
Materials Research Applications
Spectroscopy
X-Ray Diffraction
Electrical Experiments (Hall)

Further Applications include
UHV Cryocoolers
Diamond Anvil Cell
Superconductor Studies

http://www.coldedgetech.com/
Cryofab, Kenilworth NJ, USA
540 North Michigan Avenue, Kenilworth, NJ 07033, USA

Cryofab, Inc. is a cryogenics company and a key vendor in the global cryogenic equipment marketplace. We manufacture and service cryogenic storage and accessories, offering custom as well as standard fabrications to customers worldwide. We offer a wide range of cryogenic containers: tanks, dewars, vessels, as well as hoses, and valves of all sizes allowing for the safe storage and transportation of all cryogenic gases. Our cryogenic dewars are capable of storing and transporting liquid helium, liquid argon, liquid oxygen, liquid nitrogen, liquid hydrogen, and liquid natural gas (LNG).

Cryofab offers ASME, DOT, TPED, PED and ADR products. Our in-house cryogenic engineering experts can assist with product development of OEM or private label fabrication of cryogenic tanks, whether it be prototype or productions runs, for industrial, laboratory, medical, biotechnology, pharmaceutical, superconductivity, semiconductor, or even homecare applications.

Cryocomp, Inc, a division of Cryofab, specializes in vacuum valves, vacuum relief valves, pipe- and tube-sized bayonet assemblies, vapor vents and heaters, and helium control valves. Our Cryogenics equipment technicians are also available to repair your cryogenic storage tanks, hoses, & valves.

www.cryofab.com
Gatan, Pleasanton CA, USA
5794 W. Las Positas Blvd., Pleasanton, CA 94588, USA

There is always more to see. And when you’re working with electron microscopy, the closer you can get to your sample, the more of its secrets it will reveal. That’s why at Gatan we have spent the last 50 years working with our customers to push the boundaries of what can be done with electron microscopy. Together, we have invented new approaches to problems that deliver fresh understanding. With state of the art cameras, imaging energy filters, specimen preparation equipment and other EM products and solutions, we take the most powerful microscopy on earth and make it work even harder for you.

Techniques:
Specimen Preparation
Imaging
EELS
In-situ
Cathodoluminescence
Cryo-EM
EBIC
EBSD
EDS/EDX
Serial Block-Face Imaging
Spectrum Imaging
EFTEM

Prducts:
TEM & STEM Specimen Preparation
TEM Specimen Holders
TEM Imaging & Spectroscopy
TEM Analysis Software
SEM Specimen Preparation
SEM Specimen Stages
SEM Imaging & Spectroscopy
SEM Analysis Software

www.gatan.com
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AdSem, Mountain View CA, USA
855 Sevely Dr., Mountain View, CA 94041, USA
AdSem, Inc. is a privately held company established in Palo Alto, CA by a group of highly experienced professionals with outstanding achievements in Semiconductors, Radiation Physics, and Material Science.

AdSem, Inc. is a privately held company established in Palo Alto, CA by a group of highly experienced professionals with outstanding achievements in Semiconductors, Radiation Physics, and Material Science.

Our mission is development and production of novel semiconductor materials, advanced semiconductor devices and unique analytical instrumentation for semiconductor, nuclear, and cryogenic industries.
AdSem is the only company in the world that has developed and produce thermistors for any temperature between 1mK and 500ºC.

Our unique semiconductor NTC thermistors measure temperature of everything and everywhere: in-vivo brain and low- temperature radiometers, semiconductor chips and rocket engines.
AdSem is the only company in the world that offers Ge and Si high reflective mosaic monochromators for slow neutrons, gamma – and X-rays. Our mosaic monochromators have neutron reflectivity higher than any other neutron monochromators .

AdSem has invented and developed high temperature Silicon and Germanium NTC thermistors as well as an industrial technology for their production. AdSem opens a new era in temperature sensing industry by bringing up semiconductor technology into the 70-years old market of ceramic NTC thermistors.

There are fundamental scientific reasons for new Si and Ge thermistors to be the most sensitive and
highly interchangeable over working temperature range.
Their features also are:
Widest temperature range;
High stability;
Micron Form Factor;
Fastest response;
Reproducibility of production technology;
Utilization of microelectronic technology & packaging techniques

New doping technology of Ge and Si, developed by AdSem, allows producing unique low-temperature thermistors with wider operating temperature than any cryogenic thermistors, higher sensitivity in any selected temperature range down to 1mK, higher interchangeability at low- and ultra – low temperature and lower price.

For Neutron and X-ray Optics we developed superior technology for production of large Ge and Si mosaic crystalline monochromators. Our monochromators provide the high reflectivity for slow neutrons, gamma-rays and/or X-rays and any mosaicity value up to 1 arc degree.

The areas of our expertise and new development are also:
Novel PTC & NTC semiconductor thermistors with extended working temperatures;
High resistivity silicon;
Radiation technology and neutron transmutation doping of semiconductors;
Novel nuclear methods for non-destructive selection of high quality large crystals;
Advanced semiconductor nuclear detectors;

http://adsem.com/
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Advanced Research Systems, Macungie PA, USA
7476 Industrial Park Way, Macungie, PA 18062, USA
Advanced Research Systems, Inc. was started in 1986 by Ravi Bains to provide cryogenic solutions for low temperature research. ARS has evolved as a world class manufacturer of closed cycle cryocoolers and laboratory cryogenic systems. ARS is the only major supplier of laboratory cryostats that also manufactures 4 K closed cycle cryocoolers for its use.

Advanced Research Systems, Inc. was started in 1986 by Ravi Bains to provide cryogenic solutions for low temperature research. ARS has evolved as a world class manufacturer of closed cycle cryocoolers and laboratory cryogenic systems. ARS is the only major supplier of laboratory cryostats that also manufactures 4 K closed cycle cryocoolers for its use.

Manufacturing our own cryocoolers allows us to seamlessly adapt our cryostats for challenging applications where the cryocooler must be customized for a specific application. ARS has sales and service capabilities worldwide, with an international sales force that is well trained to support our customers and provide guidance in the selection of cryogenic equipment that suits customers’ needs at a fair price.

We recognize that the quality of both our product and our customer relationships determines our future success in this competitive world. To facilitate this, we continue to invest in improving and expanding our capabilities and in developing new products for the future. We feel that the close working relationships we have forged with our customers over the years are testimony to our success.

Products:
Displex Cryocoolers
Helium Flow Cryostats
Sample in Vacuum Cryostats
Sample in Vapor Cryostats
Ultra Low Vibration Cryostats
UHV Cryostats
Cryogenic Accessories
ICEFLY Cryogenic Delivery System

Applications:
Optical Spectroscopy
Electron Transport
Magnetic Properties
Microscopy
Neutron Science
X-Ray Diffraction
Scanning Tunneling Microscopy
Mössbauer Spectroscopy
EPR

http://arscryo.com/
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Attocube Systems AG, Munich, Germany
Koeniginstrasse 11a, 80539 Muenchen, Germany

Attocube systems is the partner of choice for research laboratories and OEM customers all over the world. The close cooperation with the scientific community is the foundation for our success. It creates unique synergies of pioneering ideas and turns them into products perfectly tailored to the requirements of today’s challenges in the nanotechnology world. The product portfolio comprises integrated system solutions as well as single components for use in industry and science:

atto Dry Lab
Fully automated, cryogen-free nano-characterization platform with a variety of different measurement options.

atto Microscopy
Measurement inserts for nano-characterization of surfaces & bulk materials at low temperatures & high magnetic fields.

attoSensorics
Ultra precise optical sensors for real-time displacement and vibration measurement with picometer resolution.

attoCryo
Dry & liquid cryostats, optimized for most sensitive measurement techniques at variable temperature & high magnetic field.

attoMotion
Piezo-based nanopositioners for research & industry applications. Suitable for ambient to extreme environments.

attoControl
Electronic & software control units: Advanced control electonics and software modules for attocube’s nanopositioners and microscopes.

www.attocube.com
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Attocube Systems, Berkeley CA, USA
2020 Stuart Street, Berkeley, CA 94703, USA

Attocube systems is the partner of choice for research laboratories and OEM customers all over the world. The close cooperation with the scientific community is the foundation for our success. It creates unique synergies of pioneering ideas and turns them into products perfectly tailored to the requirements of today’s challenges in the nanotechnology world. The product portfolio comprises integrated system solutions as well as single components for use in industry and science:

atto Dry Lab
Fully automated, cryogen-free nano-characterization platform with a variety of different measurement options.

atto Microscopy
Measurement inserts for nano-characterization of surfaces & bulk materials at low temperatures & high magnetic fields.

attoSensorics
Ultra precise optical sensors for real-time displacement and vibration measurement with picometer resolution.

attoCryo
Dry & liquid cryostats, optimized for most sensitive measurement techniques at variable temperature & high magnetic field.

attoMotion
Piezo-based nanopositioners for research & industry applications. Suitable for ambient to extreme environments.

attoControl
Electronic & software control units: Advanced control electonics and software modules for attocube’s nanopositioners and microscopes.

http://www.attocube.com/
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Axiom Analytical, Inc., Tustin CA, USA
1451–A Edinger Ave, Tustin, CA 92780, USA

AXIOM ANALYTICAL, INC. is a leading supplier of sampling accessories, software, and custom systems for all forms of optical spectroscopy. Whether your applications are in the laboratory or on the process line you’ll find that Axiom’s accessories and systems will accommodate your samples (even strong acids and bases), and operating conditions ranging from cryogenic to >500 deg. C, and vacuum to >700 bar.

Axiom provides a broad line of laboratory sampling equipment for the analysis of liquids, gases, powders, and slurries. Many of the company’s products, such as its diamond ATR probes, incorporate unique designs which provide important performance advantages.

www.goaxiom.com
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Binder GmbH, Tuttlingen, Germany
Im Mittleren Ösch 5, D-78532 Tuttlingen, Germany

BINDER temperature, climate, and environmental simulation chambers are the centerpieces of modern laboratories. Designed to meet the highest demands in scientific and industrial fields, they enable the accurate simulation of biological, chemical, and physical environmental conditions. With cutting-edge technology and pioneering innovations, BINDER develops products that provide real added value for the customer. We apply our expertise and feel for the requirements of dynamic, day-to-day work in research facilities to support the widest range of projects and processes in an optimum way.
With 22,000 series production machines supplied each year globally, family company BINDER is now one of the leading experts on environmental simulation chambers. For over 30 years at our German site in Tuttlingen, we have developed and produced premium products which combine superior technology, first-class advice, and exemplary service. These three factors are symbolized by the three red triangles that make up our logo – and our customers appreciate the benefits every day through the outstanding results of their work.
Products include
Ultralow temperature freezers
Drying and heating chambers
Vacuum drying chambers
Constant climate chambers
Dynamic climate chambers

http://www.binder-world.com/us/